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Clinical Significance of PIK3CA and ESR1 Mutations in Circulating Tumor DNA: Analysis from the MONARCH 2 Study of Abemaciclib plus Fulvestrant

 Sara M Tolaney  ;  Masakazu Toi  ;  Patrick Neven  ;  Joohyuk Sohn  ;  Eva-Maria Grischke  ;  Antonio Llombart-Cussac  ;  Hatem Soliman  ;  Hong Wang  ;  Sameera Wijayawardana  ;  Valerie M Jansen  ;  Lacey M Litchfield  ;  George W Sledge 
 CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, Vol.28(8) : 1500-1506, 2022-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aminopyridines ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects ; Benzimidazoles ; Breast Neoplasms* / drug therapy ; Breast Neoplasms* / genetics ; Breast Neoplasms* / pathology ; Circulating Tumor DNA* / genetics ; Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics ; Female ; Fulvestrant ; Humans ; Male ; Mutation ; Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics ; Receptor, ErbB-2 / therapeutic use
Purpose: PIK3CA and ESR1 mutations have been implicated in resistance to endocrine therapy (ET) in HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer (ABC). Inhibition of CDK4 and 6 has been hypothesized as a therapeutic strategy to overcome endocrine resistance in patients with PIK3CA- or ESR1-mutant breast cancers. The objective of this exploratory analysis was to assess efficacy of abemaciclib plus fulvestrant in patients with or without PIK3CA or ESR1 mutations in MONARCH 2.

Patients and methods: MONARCH 2 was a global, randomized, double-blind phase III trial of abemaciclib plus fulvestrant in 669 women with HR+, HER2- ABC, which had progressed on ET. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive abemaciclib plus fulvestrant or placebo plus fulvestrant. Exploratory analyses assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and other endpoints, in patients with or without PIK3CA or ESR1 mutations detectable in baseline ctDNA.

Results: From the MONARCH 2 population, 219 and 248 patient samples were successfully analyzed for either PIK3CA or ESR1 mutations, respectively. Abemaciclib plus fulvestrant improved PFS compared with placebo plus fulvestrant in both PIK3CA-wild-type (median 16.9 months vs. 12.3 months; HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.33-0.78) and PIK3CA-mutant subgroups (median 17.1 months vs. 5.7 months; HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.33-0.84), as well as both ESR1-wild-type (median 15.3 months vs. 11.2 months; HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.27-0.71) and ESR1-mutant subgroups (median 20.7 months vs. 13.1 months; HR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.37-0.79). Additional endpoints, including OS, were also improved following treatment with abemaciclib plus fulvestrant regardless of PIK3CA or ESR1 mutation status.

Conclusions: Abemaciclib plus fulvestrant was effective regardless of PIK3CA or ESR1 mutation status, with benefit in both PFS and OS, with a numerically greater improvement in median PFS relative to placebo plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA- or ESR1-mutant tumors compared with the respective wild-type subgroups, in women with HR+, HER2- ABC that had progressed on ET.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Joo Hyuk(손주혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2303-2764
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