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Prediabetes versus type 2 diabetes in patients with acute myocardial infarction and current smoking

Authors
 Yong Hoon Kim  ;  Ae-Young Her  ;  Myung Ho Jeong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Seunghwan Kim  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL SCIENCES, Vol.364(5) : 612-623, 2022-11 
Journal Title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL SCIENCES
ISSN
 0002-9629 
Issue Date
2022-11
MeSH
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / complications ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / epidemiology ; Drug-Eluting Stents* / adverse effects ; Humans ; Myocardial Infarction* / complications ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / adverse effects ; Prediabetic State* / complications ; Prediabetic State* / epidemiology ; Smoking / adverse effects ; Smoking / epidemiology ; Stroke* / etiology ; Thrombosis* / complications ; Treatment Outcome
Keywords
Diabetes ; myocardial infarction ; prediabetes ; smoking
Abstract
Background: Smoking is linked with increased risk of cardiovascular events among diabetic patients. Prediabetes is associated with increased risk for microvascular and macrovascular complications. We compared the 2-year clinical outcomes of current smoking between prediabetic and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after newer-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.

Methods: A total of 5161 AMI patients who were currently smoking were classified into normoglycemia (group A: 1,416), prediabetes (group B: 1,740), and T2DM (group C: 2,005) groups. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction and any repeat revascularization. The secondary endpoint was the occurrence of stent thrombosis (ST) and stroke.

Results: The cumulative incidences of all primary and secondary endpoints including MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.150; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.891-1.484; P = 0.284), ST, and stroke were similar between group B and group C. The cumulative incidences of MACEs (aHR: 1.385; 95% CI: 1.007-1.904; P = 0.045) and all-cause death or MI were significantly higher in group B than in group A. The cumulative incidences of MACEs (aHR: 1.572; 95% CI: 1.157-2.137; P = 0.004), all-cause death, Re-MI, and all-cause death or MI were significantly higher in group C than in group A.

Conclusions: Current smoking leads to worse clinical outcomes in patients with AMI and prediabetes, and thus, similarly to T2DM patients, more attention and more intensive treatment strategy including quitting smoking would be advantageous.
Full Text
https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/content/playContent/1-s2.0-S0002962922002385
DOI
10.1016/j.amjms.2022.05.016
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/193337
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