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One-year Cohort Follow-up on the Diagnosis and Posttraumatic Symptoms in Child Sexual Assault Victims in Korea

 Na-Hyun Lee  ;  Junghan Lee  ;  Keun-Ah Cheon  ;  Kyung-Yoon Kim  ;  Dong-Ho Song 
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.19(12) : 1046-1054, 2022-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Child sexual abuse ; Family adaptability ; Family communication ; Posttraumatic stress disorder
Objective: The victims and their families of child sexual abuse (CSA) may confront persistent psychological sequela. We aimed to investigate the psychological symptoms, diagnosis, and family functions in children and adolescents with CSA.

Methods: We assessed the symptom scales at 6-month intervals, and conducted diagnostic re-assessments at 1-year intervals. Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC), Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales IV (FACES-IV), and Family Communication Scale (FCS) scores were reported by children or parents.

Results: We found in parent-reported TSCYC, that posttraumatic stress symptoms domain scores significantly decreased with time progression. The scores decreased more in the evidence-based treatment group over time in anxiety and posttraumatic stress symptom domains of TSCC. In FACES-IV and FCS scores, indices of family function have been gradually increasing both after 6 months and after 1 year compared to the initial evaluation. Further, about 64% of the children diagnosed with psychiatric diseases, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at the initial assessment maintained the same diagnosis at follow-up.

Conclusion: We observed changes in psychological symptoms and family functioning in sexually abused children with time progression during 1 year. It is postulated that PTSD may be a persistent major mental illness in the victims of CSA.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Dong Ho(송동호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9647-3130
Lee, Junghan(이정한)
Cheon, Keun Ah(천근아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7113-9286
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