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High Triglyceride-Glucose Index with Renal Hyperfiltration and Albuminuria in Young Adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V, VI, and VIII)

 Donghwan Oh  ;  Sang Ho Park  ;  Seoyoung Lee  ;  Eunji Yang  ;  Hoon Young Choi  ;  Hyeong Cheon Park  ;  Jong Hyun Jhee 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.11(21) : 6419, 2022-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
TyG index ; albuminuria ; insulin resistance ; renal hyperfiltration ; young adult
Background: High triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, a surrogate marker of insulin resistance, is associated with an increased risk of albuminuria in adults. However, the relationship between high TyG index associated with renal hyperfiltration (RHF) and albuminuria among young adults is unclear. Methods: A total of 5420 participants aged 19-39 years were enrolled from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014 and 2019) and their TyG index levels were analyzed. RHF was defined as eGFR with residuals > 90th percentile after adjusting for age, sex, weight, and height. Albuminuria was defined as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g Cr. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between TyG index, RHF, and albuminuria. Results: The mean age was 30.7 ± 6.0 years and 46.4% were male. The prevalence of albuminuria and RHF was higher in the higher tertiles of TyG index. In our multivariable model, high TyG index showed higher risk of albuminuria (odds ratio (OR) per 1.0 increase in TyG index, 1.56; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.24-1.95 and OR in the highest tertile, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.08-2.52). High TyG index was associated with higher risk of RHF (OR per 1.0 increase in TyG index, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.32-1.84 and OR in the highest tertile, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.31-2.30). When participants were divided into with or without RHF, high-TyG index-associated high risk of albuminuria was only observed in those with RHF. Participants with concurrent high TyG index and RHF showed the highest risk of albuminuria. Mediation analysis showed that 54.2% of the relation between TyG index and albuminuria was mediated by RHF (95% CI of indirect effect, 0.27-0.76). Finally, incorporating TyG index into our basic model improved the predictive value for albuminuria only in participants with RHF. Conclusion: High TyG index associated with RHF was the strongest risk factor for albuminuria in this study. Early identification of high TyG index with RHF may prevent future development of CKD in relatively healthy and young adults.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Hyeong Cheon(박형천) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1550-0812
Yang, Eunji(양은지)
Oh, Donghwan(오동환)
Lee, Seoyoung(이서영)
Jhee, Jong Hyun(지종현)
Choi, Hoon Young(최훈영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4245-0339
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