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Vasorelaxant Effect of Trachelospermi caulis Extract on Rat Mesenteric Resistance Arteries

 Chae Eun Haam  ;  Seonhee Byeon  ;  Sooyeon Choi  ;  Eun Yi Oh  ;  Soo-Kyoung Choi  ;  Young-Ho Lee 
 MOLECULES, Vol.27(16) : 5300, 2022-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; Endothelium, Vascular ; Mesenteric Arteries ; Plant Extracts / pharmacology ; Rats ; Vasodilation* ; Vasodilator Agents* / pharmacology
Ca2+ ; Trachelospermi caulis ; mesenteric resistance arteries ; relaxation ; vanillin ; vasodilation
Background: Trachelospermi caulis (T. caulis) has been used as a traditional herbal medicine in Asian countries. Although it is well known that T. caulis has beneficial effects, no sufficient research data are available on the cardiovascular effect of T. caulis. We investigated whether T. caulis extract has vascular effects in rat resistance arteries in this study.

Methods: To examine whether T. caulis extract affects vascular reactivity, we measured isometric tension of rat mesenteric resistance arteries using a multi-wire myograph system. T. caulis extract was administered after arteries were pre-contracted with high K+ (70 mM) or phenylephrine (5 µM). Vanillin, a single active component of T. caulis, was used to treat mesenteric arteries.

Results: T. caulis extract caused vascular relaxation in a concentration-dependent manner, which was endothelium-independent. To further identify the mechanism, we incubated the arteries in Ca2+-free solution containing high K+, followed by a cumulative administration of CaCl2 (0.01-2.0 mM) with or without T. caulis extract (250 µg/mL). The treatment of T. caulis extract decreased contractile responses induced by the addition of Ca2+, which suggested that the extracellular Ca2+ influx was inhibited by the T. caulis extract. Moreover, an active compound of T. caulis extract, vanillin, also induced vasodilation in mesenteric resistance arteries.

Conclusion: T. caulis extract and its active compound, vanillin, concentration-dependently induced vascular relaxation in mesenteric resistance arteries. These results suggest that the administration of T. caulis extract could help decrease blood pressure.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Young Ho(이영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5749-1045
Choi, Soo Kyoung(최수경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7115-6358
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