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Impact of one-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention according to clinical presentation: a post hoc analysis of the randomised One-Month DAPT trial

 Yong-Joon Lee  ;  Jae Young Cho  ;  Kyeong Ho Yun  ;  Seung-Jun Lee  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Jung-Sun Kim 
 EUROINTERVENTION, Vol.18(6) : 471-481, 2022-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute Coronary Syndrome* / drug therapy ; Acute Coronary Syndrome* / surgery ; Aspirin / therapeutic use ; Clopidogrel / therapeutic use ; Coronary Artery Disease* / drug therapy ; Coronary Artery Disease* / surgery ; Drug Therapy, Combination ; Drug-Eluting Stents* ; Hemorrhage / etiology ; Humans ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / methods ; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / therapeutic use ; Ticlopidine / therapeutic use ; Treatment Outcome
Background: The impact of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by aspirin monotherapy according to clinical presentation has not been elucidated.

Aims: This study aimed to compare the impact of 1-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy after polymer-free drug-coated stent (PF-DCS) implantation (1-month DAPT after PF-DCS) vs 6-12-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy after biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stent (BP-DES) implantation (6-12-month DAPT after BP-DES) according to clinical presentation.

Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of the One-Month DAPT trial. The primary outcome was the composite of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularisation, and stroke) and major bleeding.

Results: Among 1,828 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), 1-month DAPT after PF-DCS resulted in lower rates of the primary outcome than 6-12-month DAPT after BP-DES (3.9% vs 6.5%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39-0.90; p=0.012). However, among 1,192 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the rates of the primary outcome were not significantly different between the two therapy groups (5.6% vs 3.6%; HR 1.57, 95% CI: 0.91-2.70; p=0.102) and a significant interaction was observed between therapy and clinical presentation regarding the primary outcome (Pint=0.005). A significant interaction was observed in MACCE (Pint=0.016), but not in major bleeding (Pint=0.276).

Conclusions: In patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation for non-complex lesions, the benefits of 1-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy for a composite of ischaemic and bleeding outcomes were found in patients with stable CAD, but not in those with ACS.

Clinicaltrials: gov: NCT02513810.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Seung-Jun(이승준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9201-4818
Lee, Yong Joon(이용준)
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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