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Perceived Breast Cancer Risk among Female Undergraduate Students in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors
 Eric Osei  ;  Sandra Osei Afriyie  ;  Samuel Oppong  ;  Emmanuel Ampofo  ;  Hubert Amu 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY, Vol.2021 : 8811353, 2021-04 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY
ISSN
 1687-8450 
Issue Date
2021-04
Abstract
Background: While breast cancer accounts for the highest mortality among women across the globe, little is known about its perceived risks among them. We examined the perceived risk of breast cancer among undergraduate female university students in Ghana.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 358 undergraduate female students at the University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana. Descriptive and inferential statistics comprising frequencies, percentages, chi-square, and binary logistic regression analyses were used in analysing the data collected. All analyses were done using STATA Version 13.1.

Results: Seventy-three percent were aware of breast cancer and 45.2% out of this did not perceive themselves to be at risk of breast cancer. Academic year (p=0.02), school (p=0.01), knowledge of someone with breast cancer (p < 0.001), family history of breast cancer (p < 0.001), current use of oral pills/injectable contraception (p=0.03), history of breast cancer screening (p < 0.001), and intention to perform breast self-examination (p < 0.001) were the risk factors of breast cancer risk perception. Students without a family history of breast cancer were 90% less likely to perceive breast cancer risk (AOR = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.04-0.29) compared with those having a family history of breast cancer. Students who had never screened for breast cancer were also 62% less likely to perceive that they were at risk of breast cancer (AOR = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.04-0.29) compared with those who had ever screened for breast cancer.

Conclusion: This study showed that female university students tend to estimate their breast cancer risk based on their experience of breast cancer. Students who have ever screened for breast cancer and those with the intention to perform breast self-examination in the future are more likely to perceive themselves as being at risk and thus take action to avoid getting breast cancer.
DOI
10.1155/2021/8811353
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/190978
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