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The elderly living in single-person households in South Korea: a latent profile analysis of self-esteem, life satisfaction, and depression

Authors
 Jeong Hoon Park  ;  Sung Min  ;  Yookyung Eoh  ;  Soo Hyun Park 
Citation
 QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH, Vol.30(4) : 1083-1092, 2021-04 
Journal Title
QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH
ISSN
 0962-9343 
Issue Date
2021-04
MeSH
Aged ; Depression / psychology* ; Family Characteristics / ethnology* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Personal Satisfaction* ; Poverty / statistics & numerical data* ; Quality of Life / psychology* ; Republic of Korea ; Self Concept*
Keywords
Elderly ; Latent profile analysis ; Mental health ; Single-household
Abstract
Objectives: Elderly living alone in South Korea report higher rates of psychological distress compared to the population at large. Using a person-centered approach, the aim of the present study was to identify the latent profiles of South Korean elderly living alone based on self-esteem, life satisfaction, and depression.

Method: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted based on data of 1545 older age individuals living alone. In addition, we examined significant factors that differentiate the observed profiles using multinomial logistic regression analysis.

Results: We identified five profiles: "extremely depressed (n = 44, 2.9%)," "severely depressed (n = 169, 10.9%)," "mildly depressed (n = 529, 34.2%)," "low life satisfaction (n = 128, 8.3%)," and "positive adaptation (n = 675, 43.7%)." In addition, results of multinomial logistic regression analysis indicated that males (OR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.02-2.81), and elderly with lower income (OR: 0.86; 95% CI: 0.81-0.91), lower level of physical health (OR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.33-0.57), and lower social relationship satisfaction (OR: 0.25; 95% CI: 0.18-0.35) were more likely to fall in the "low life satisfaction" rather than the "positive adaptation" profile. In addition, being female (OR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.30-0.79), of older age (OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-.1.07), and higher income (OR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.08-1.20) were related to classification in the "mildly depressed" rather than the "low life satisfaction" profile. The "severely depressed" group was differentiated by older age (OR: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.01-1.08), lower level of physical health (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.34-0.71), and lower satisfaction with social relationship (OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.38-0.76).

Conclusion: The results highlight the need for welfare policies that secure income and physical health in elderly living alone to enhance their quality of life. Furthermore, interventions that aim to maintain social networks are tantamount in order to prevent isolation in the elderly living alone.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-020-02693-1
DOI
10.1007/s11136-020-02693-1
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/190972
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