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Comparison of clinical outcomes between angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors and ARBs in patients with acute myocardial infarction with dyslipidemia after a successful stent implantation

Authors
 Yong Hoon Kim  ;  Ae-Young Her  ;  Myung Ho Jeong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Seunghwan Kim  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.23(2) : 86-98, 2020-02 
Journal Title
ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
ISSN
 2149-2263 
Issue Date
2020-02
MeSH
Aged ; Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / therapeutic use* ; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use* ; Dyslipidemias / complications ; Dyslipidemias / drug therapy* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Myocardial Infarction / complications ; Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy* ; Myocardial Infarction / mortality ; Myocardial Infarction / surgery ; Registries ; Republic of Korea ; Stents ; Treatment Outcome
Keywords
dyslipidemia ; myocardial infarction ; renin-angiotensin system
Abstract
Objective: Currently, there are limited comparative data concerning long-term major clinical outcomes following the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with dyslipidemia after a successful stent implantation. Therefore, we investigated major clinical outcomes for 2 years following the ACEIs and ARBs therapy in these patients. Methods: A total of 3015 patients with AMI who underwent a successful stent implantation and were prescribed ACEIs (n=2175) or ARBs (n=840) were enrolled into the study from the Korea AMI Registry (KAMIR). The major clinical endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any repeat-revascularization-comprised target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-TVR. Results: After the adjustment, the cumulative incidence of all-cause death in the ARBs group was significantly higher than in the ACEIs group [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 2.277; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.154-4.495; p=0.018]. The cumulative incidences of MACEs (aHR, 1.305; 95% CI, 0.911-1.869; p=0.146), cardiac death, Re-MI, any repeat revascularization, TLR, TVR, and non-TVR were similar between the two groups. In addition, an advanced age (>= 65 years), decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation on admission were meaningful independent predictors for all-cause death in this study. Conclusion: ACEIs were a preferred treatment modality when compared to ARBs for patients with AMI with dyslipidemia who underwent a successful stent implantation to reduce the incidences of all-cause death during a 2-year follow-up. However, additional research is required to determine the clinical implications of these results.
Files in This Item:
T9992020452.pdf Download
DOI
10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2019.60374
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/190227
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