0 29

Cited 0 times in

Comparison of the K-WISC-IV profiles of boys with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Authors
 Hyunmi Kim  ;  Dong-Ho Song 
Citation
 RESEARCH IN DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, Vol.97 : 103539, 2020-02 
Journal Title
RESEARCH IN DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
ISSN
 0891-4222 
Issue Date
2020-02
MeSH
Adolescent ; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology* ; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology ; Autism Spectrum Disorder / physiopathology* ; Autism Spectrum Disorder / psychology ; Child ; Cognition / physiology ; Comprehension / physiology ; Humans ; Male ; Memory, Short-Term / physiology ; Social Perception ; Vocabulary ; Wechsler Scales*
Keywords
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ; Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ; Cognitive profile ; Intelligence ; WISC-IV
Abstract
Aims: This study aimed to compare the intelligence profiles of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (K-WISC-IV) scores to differentiate between their cognitive characteristics. Methods: Subjects were boys with ASD (n = 49) and ADHD (n = 44). The index and subtest scores of the ASD and ADHD groups were compared using MANOVA. Repeated-measures ANOVA was performed to investigate the cognitive strengths and weaknesses within the ASD and ADHD groups. Results: Verbal comprehension was significantly lower in the ASD group compared to the ADHD group. The ASD group also scored lower than the ADHD group on Vocabulary, Comprehension, Picture Concepts, Picture Completion, and Symbol Search. The ADHD group scored lower than the ASD group on Digit Span. The ASD group displayed slower processing speed and social judgment, while the ADHD group exhibited poor working memory and graphomotor processing. Conclusion: The WISC-IV profiles might help distinguishing between the cognitive characteristics of ASD and ADHD boys.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891422219302069
DOI
10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103539
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Dong Ho(송동호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9647-3130
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/190223
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links