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Retention Rate and Safety of Biosimilar CT-P13 in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Data from the Korean College of Rheumatology Biologics Registry

Authors
 Hyoun-Ah Kim  ;  Eunyoung Lee  ;  Sun-Kyung Lee  ;  Yong-Beom Park  ;  Young Nam Lee  ;  Hee Jung Kang  ;  Kichul Shin 
Citation
 BIODRUGS, Vol.34(1) : 89-98, 2020-02 
Journal Title
BIODRUGS
ISSN
 1173-8804 
Issue Date
2020-02
MeSH
Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use* ; Antirheumatic Agents ; Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy* ; Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / therapeutic use* ; Blood Sedimentation / drug effects ; Drug Substitution / methods ; Female ; Humans ; Infliximab / therapeutic use ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Registries ; Republic of Korea ; Rheumatology / methods ; Severity of Illness Index ; Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Objective The aim was to evaluate long-term drug retention, discontinuation, efficacy and safety of CT-P13 and reference infliximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in the Korean College of Rheumatology Biologics (KOBIO) registry. Methods Patients included adults with RA who received CT-P13 or reference infliximab between December 2012 and December 2017. Drug retention, efficacy (Disease Activity Score in 28 joints [DAS28]-erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR] or DAS28-C-reactive protein [CRP] and American College of Rheumatology [ACR] core set measure), and adverse events (AEs) were assessed over 4-years' follow-up. Results Data from 199 RA patients (CT-P13: n = 147; reference infliximab: n = 52) were analyzed. Median treatment duration was 1.22 years for CT-P13 and 1.40 years for reference infliximab (p = 0.67). Overall, 82% of patients received first-line therapy. Drug retention of CT-P13 versus reference infliximab was comparable for the overall population (p = 0.84) and for first-line (p = 0.66) and subsequent treatment lines (p = 0.96). Treatment changes or discontinuations occurred in 65.2% of patients with CT-P13 and 69.6% with reference infliximab. The most common reason for treatment changes or discontinuing treatment was lack of efficacy (CT-P13: 31.9%; reference infliximab: 34.8%). CT-P13 demonstrated comparable improvements in DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP and ACR responses to reference infliximab. Overall, 19 grade 3 AEs were reported for CT-P13 and eight for reference infliximab. Conclusion Long-term data from patients with RA treated in routine clinical practice in Korea showed that CT-P13 had a comparable drug retention rate to reference infliximab, with similar efficacy and an acceptable safety profile. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01965132.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1007/s40259-019-00393-y
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yong Beom(박용범)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/190222
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