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Comparison of FibroScan-Aspartate Aminotransferase (FAST) Score and Other Non-invasive Surrogates in Predicting High-Risk Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis Criteria

 Jae Seung Lee  ;  Hye Won Lee  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Jae Young Jang  ;  Soo Young Park  ;  Hyun Woong Lee  ;  Chun Kyon Lee  ;  Seung Up Kim 
 FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, Vol.9 : 869190, 2022-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
elasticity imaging techniques ; fatty liver ; fibrosis ; liver function tests ; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ; non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Identification of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with high activity and fibrosis is a major priority in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We validated the predictive value of the FibroScan-aspartate aminotransferase (FAST) score and other non-invasive fibrosis surrogates in predicting high-risk NASH criteria. This multicenter retrospective study recruited 251 biopsy-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients (132 [52.6%] men) between 2011 and 2014. The FAST score was calculated using transient elastography data and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. The NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4), and AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) were calculated using biochemical data. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of the FAST score, liver stiffness, NFS, FIB-4, and APRI were 0.752, 0.718, 0.609, 0.650, and 0.722 for NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥5 (n = 117, 46.6%); 0.788, 0.754, 0.649, 0.701, and 0.747 for fatty liver inhibition of progression-NASH with histologic activity ≥3 (n = 202, 80.5%); 0.807, 0.806, 0.691, 0.732, and 0.760 for severe disease with activity ≥3 and/or fibrosis ≥3 (n = 132, 52.6%); and 0.714, 0.812, 0.748, 0.738, and 0.669 for NASH with NAS ≥4 and fibrosis ≥2 (n = 70, 27.9%), respectively. The FAST score had the highest AUC for the most high-risk NASH criteria, except for in predicting NAS ≥4 and fibrosis ≥2. The liver stiffness value showed consistently acceptable performance in predicting all high-risk NASH criteria. The FAST score has acceptable performance in identifying high-risk NASH. However, liver stiffness alone was not inferior to the FAST score.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hyun Woong(이현웅) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6958-3035
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
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