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Nissen Fundoplication for the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux After Repair of Esophageal Atresia

 In Geol Ho  ;  Kyong Ihn  ;  Ho Jong Jeon  ;  Dongeun Lee  ;  Jung-Tak Oh  ;  Seok Joo Han 
 Advances in Pediatric Surgery, Vol.28(1) : 9-16, 2022-06 
Journal Title
Advances in Pediatric Surgery
Issue Date
Gastroesophageal reflux ; Gastroesophageal reflux disease ; Fundoplication ; Esophageal atresia
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) frequently affects patients with esophageal atresia (EA). GERD is often resistant to medical therapy, and anti-reflux surgery in the form of fundoplication is required. However, there are no generally accepted indications for fundoplication in EA patients with significant gastroesophageal reflux (GER). This study aimed to report the outcomes and review the clinical characteristics and treatment of GERD with Nissen fundoplication among EA patients.

The medical records of patients with EA repair who underwent Nissen fundoplication for GERD treatment from January 2005 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty patients were included in this study.

In total, 166 patients with EA underwent treatment during the study period. Among these, 20 (12%) patients underwent Nissen fundoplication. The median age at the time of fundoplication was 5.3 (range, 1.6–49.4) months, and the mean body weight was 6.3±2.4 kg. The indications for Nissen fundoplication were hiatal hernia in 18 (90%) patients, feeding intolerance in 17 (85%), recurrent aspiration pneumonia in 13 (65%), GER-related refractory anastomosis stenosis in seven (35%), and reflux-related acute life-threatening events in five (25%). The median follow-up duration after Nissen fundoplication was 5.7 (range, 2.4–10.7) years; two (10%) patients experienced surgery-related complications, 11 (55%) had recurrent hiatal hernia, and three (15%) required re-operation. Feeding intolerance improved (p<0.001), and the number of esophageal dilatations decreased following Nissen fundoplication (p=0.038). There was no mortality during the follow-up period.

Nissen fundoplication was required in patients with more complicated EA and was performed at a young age. Nissen fundoplication was relatively effective in controlling EA-associated GERD. However, Nissen fundoplication in patients with EA may be associated with a high rate of recurrent hiatal hernia. A careful follow-up is necessary because poor long-term outcomes are common for such patients.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Oh, Jung Tak(오정탁)
Ihn, Kyong(인경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6161-0078
Jeon, Ho Jong(전호종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1515-9108
Han, Seok Joo(한석주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5224-1437
Ho, In Geol(호인걸)
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