0 34

Cited 0 times in

Overall Survival with Durvalumab after Chemoradiotherapy in Stage III NSCLC

Authors
 Scott J Antonia  ;  Augusto Villegas  ;  Davey Daniel  ;  David Vicente  ;  Shuji Murakami  ;  Rina Hui  ;  Takayasu Kurata  ;  Alberto Chiappori  ;  Ki H Lee  ;  Maike de Wit  ;  Byoung C Cho  ;  Maryam Bourhaba  ;  Xavier Quantin  ;  Takaaki Tokito  ;  Tarek Mekhail  ;  David Planchard  ;  Young-Chul Kim  ;  Christos S Karapetis  ;  Sandrine Hiret  ;  Gyula Ostoros  ;  Kaoru Kubota  ;  Jhanelle E Gray  ;  Luis Paz-Ares  ;  Javier de Castro Carpeño  ;  Corinne Faivre-Finn  ;  Martin Reck  ;  Johan Vansteenkiste  ;  David R Spigel  ;  Catherine Wadsworth  ;  Giovanni Melillo  ;  Maria Taboada  ;  Phillip A Dennis  ;  Mustafa Özgüroğlu  ;  PACIFIC Investigators 
Citation
 NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol.379(24) : 2342-2350, 2018-12 
Journal Title
NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
ISSN
 0028-4793 
Issue Date
2018-12
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage* ; Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects ; Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological / administration & dosage* ; Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological / adverse effects ; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy* ; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / mortality ; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radiotherapy ; Chemoradiotherapy* ; Female ; Humans ; Infusions, Intravenous ; Intention to Treat Analysis ; Kaplan-Meier Estimate ; Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy* ; Lung Neoplasms / mortality ; Lung Neoplasms / radiotherapy ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Survival Rate
Abstract
Background: An earlier analysis in this phase 3 trial showed that durvalumab significantly prolonged progression-free survival, as compared with placebo, among patients with stage III, unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who did not have disease progression after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Here we report the results for the second primary end point of overall survival.

Methods: We randomly assigned patients, in a 2:1 ratio, to receive durvalumab intravenously, at a dose of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight, or matching placebo every 2 weeks for up to 12 months. Randomization occurred 1 to 42 days after the patients had received chemoradiotherapy and was stratified according to age, sex, and smoking history. The primary end points were progression-free survival (as assessed by blinded independent central review) and overall survival. Secondary end points included the time to death or distant metastasis, the time to second progression, and safety.

Results: Of the 713 patients who underwent randomization, 709 received the assigned intervention (473 patients received durvalumab and 236 received placebo). As of March 22, 2018, the median follow-up was 25.2 months. The 24-month overall survival rate was 66.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 61.7 to 70.4) in the durvalumab group, as compared with 55.6% (95% CI, 48.9 to 61.8) in the placebo group (two-sided P=0.005). Durvalumab significantly prolonged overall survival, as compared with placebo (stratified hazard ratio for death, 0.68; 99.73% CI, 0.47 to 0.997; P=0.0025). Updated analyses regarding progression-free survival were similar to those previously reported, with a median duration of 17.2 months in the durvalumab group and 5.6 months in the placebo group (stratified hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.63). The median time to death or distant metastasis was 28.3 months in the durvalumab group and 16.2 months in the placebo group (stratified hazard ratio, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.68). A total of 30.5% of the patients in the durvalumab group and 26.1% of those in the placebo group had grade 3 or 4 adverse events of any cause; 15.4% and 9.8% of the patients, respectively, discontinued the trial regimen because of adverse events.

Conclusions: Durvalumab therapy resulted in significantly longer overall survival than placebo. No new safety signals were identified. (Funded by AstraZeneca; PACIFIC ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02125461 .).
Full Text
https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1809697
DOI
10.1056/NEJMoa1809697
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Byoung Chul(조병철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5562-270X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188947
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links