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Anatomical Proposal for Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection for Glabellar Frown Lines

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dc.contributor.author김희진-
dc.contributor.author이지현-
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-09T17:14:30Z-
dc.date.available2022-05-09T17:14:30Z-
dc.date.issued2022-04-
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188458-
dc.description.abstractBotulinum neurotoxin injection for treating glabellar frown lines is a commonly used method; however, side effects, such as ptosis and samurai eyebrow, have been reported due to a lack of comprehensive anatomical knowledge. The anatomical factors important for the injection of the botulinum neurotoxin into the corrugator supercilii muscle has been reviewed in this study. Current understanding on the localization of the botulinum neurotoxin injection point from newer anatomy examination was evaluated. We observed that for the glabellar-frown-line-related muscles, the injection point could be more accurately demarcated. We propose the injection method and the best possible injection sites for the corrugator supercilii muscle. We propose the optimal injection sites using external anatomical landmarks for the frequently injected muscles of the face to accelerate effective glabellar frown line removal. Moreover, these instructions would support a more accurate procedure without adverse events.-
dc.description.statementOfResponsibilityopen-
dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.languageEnglish-
dc.publisherMDPI-
dc.relation.isPartOfTOXINS-
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 2.0 KR-
dc.subject.MESHBotulinum Toxins*-
dc.subject.MESHBotulinum Toxins, Type A* / therapeutic use-
dc.subject.MESHEyebrows-
dc.subject.MESHFacial Muscles-
dc.subject.MESHForehead-
dc.subject.MESHNeuromuscular Agents*-
dc.subject.MESHSkin Aging*-
dc.titleAnatomical Proposal for Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection for Glabellar Frown Lines-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Dentistry (치과대학)-
dc.contributor.departmentDept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실)-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKyu-Ho Yi-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJi-Hyun Lee-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHye-Won Hu-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHee-Jin Kim-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/toxins14040268-
dc.contributor.localIdA01225-
dc.relation.journalcodeJ02746-
dc.identifier.eissn2072-6651-
dc.identifier.pmid35448877-
dc.subject.keywordbotulinum neurotoxin-
dc.subject.keywordcorrugator supercilii muscle-
dc.subject.keywordfacial wrinkle-
dc.subject.keywordglabellar frown line-
dc.subject.keywordinjection point-
dc.subject.keywordptosis-
dc.subject.keywordsamurai eyebrow-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameKim, Hee Jin-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthor김희진-
dc.citation.volume14-
dc.citation.number4-
dc.citation.startPage268-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationTOXINS, Vol.14(4) : 268, 2022-04-
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers

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