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Comparative safety of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines to influenza vaccines: A pharmacovigilance analysis using WHO international database

Authors
 Min Seo Kim  ;  Se Yong Jung  ;  Jong Gyun Ahn  ;  Se Jin Park  ;  Yehuda Shoenfeld  ;  Andreas Kronbichler  ;  Ai Koyanagi  ;  Elena Dragioti  ;  Kalthoum Tizaoui  ;  Sung Hwi Hong  ;  Louis Jacob  ;  Joe-Elie Salem  ;  Dong Keon Yon  ;  Seung Won Lee  ;  Shuji Ogino  ;  Hanna Kim  ;  Jerome H Kim  ;  Jean-Louis Excler  ;  Florian Marks  ;  John D Clemens  ;  Michael Eisenhut  ;  Yvonne Barnett  ;  Laurie Butler  ;  Cristian Petre Ilie  ;  Eui-Cheol Shin  ;  Jae Il Shin  ;  Lee Smith 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, Vol.94(3) : 1085-1095, 2022-03 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
ISSN
 0146-6615 
Issue Date
2022-03
Keywords
COVID-19 ; VigiBase ; influenza vaccine ; mRNA vaccine ; post-implementation surveillance ; safety
Abstract
Two messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna are being rolled out. Despite the high volume of emerging evidence regarding adverse events (AEs) associated with the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines, previous studies have thus far been largely based on the comparison between vaccinated and unvaccinated control, possibly highlighting the AE risks with COVID-19 mRNA vaccination. Comparing the safety profile of mRNA vaccinated individuals with otherwise vaccinated individuals would enable a more relevant assessment for the safety of mRNA vaccination. We designed a comparative safety study between 18 755 and 27 895 individuals who reported to VigiBase for adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with mRNA COVID-19 and influenza vaccines, respectively, from January 1, 2020, to January 17, 2021. We employed disproportionality analysis to rapidly detect relevant safety signals and compared comparative risks of a diverse span of AEFIs for the vaccines. The safety profile of novel mRNA vaccines was divergent from that of influenza vaccines. The overall pattern suggested that systematic reactions like chill, myalgia, fatigue were more noticeable with the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine, while injection site reactogenicity events were more prevalent with the influenza vaccine. Compared to the influenza vaccine, mRNA COVID-19 vaccines demonstrated a significantly higher risk for a few manageable cardiovascular complications, such as hypertensive crisis (adjusted reporting odds ratio [ROR], 12.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.47-65.54), and supraventricular tachycardia (adjusted ROR, 7.94; 95% CI, 2.62-24.00), but lower risk of neurological complications such as syncope, neuralgia, loss of consciousness, Guillain-Barre syndrome, gait disturbance, visual impairment, and dyskinesia. This study has not identified significant safety concerns regarding mRNA vaccination in real-world settings. The overall safety profile patterned a lower risk of serious AEFI following mRNA vaccines compared to influenza vaccines.
Files in This Item:
T202200685.pdf Download
DOI
10.1002/jmv.27424
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Jae Il(신재일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2326-1820
Ahn, Jong Gyun(안종균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5748-0015
Jung, Se Yong(정세용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1337-563X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188258
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