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Note the descending aorta: predictors of postoperative major adverse aortic event in pure acute type A intramural hematoma

 Myeong Su Kim  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Ha Lee  ;  Suk-Won Song  ;  Woon Heo  ;  Seo-A Sim  ;  Kyung-Jong Yoo 
 JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE, Vol.13(8) : 4935-4946, 2021-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) ; computed tomography (CT) ; hematoma thickness ratio (HTR) ; major adverse aortic event (MAAE) ; surgery
Background: Intramural hematomas (IMHs) may originate from small intimal tears. Although most surgeries for acute type A IMH are conventionally performed solely at the proximal aorta, regardless of the primary intimal tear site, the remnant aortic remodeling stays important during the follow-up period after surgery.

Methods: Forty-seven patients with "pure" acute type A IMHs who underwent surgery from January 2008 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Acute type A IMH in the entire region without penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) and aortic dissection (AD), which upon initial computed tomography (CT), can be considered as an intimal tear site, was defined as "pure" type. The maximal diameter of the aorta, maximal thickness of the IMH, and hematoma thickness ratio (HTR) of the ascending and descending aortae were measured from the preoperative computed tomographic scan. The hematoma thickness index was defined as the HTR of the descending aorta divided by that of the ascending aorta. Major adverse aortic events (MAAEs) were defined as AD, rupture, or newly developed PAU and aortic death. Predictors for postoperative MAAEs were analyzed using preoperative computed tomographic findings.

Results: The measurements of the descending aorta were larger and those of the ascending aorta were smaller in the MAAEs group, than in the corresponding other. The hematoma thickness index was significantly higher in the group with MAAEs, than in the group without; this variable was an independent predictor of MAAEs. During surgery, intimal tears were found in 16/47 (34%) patients. The hematoma thickness index was significantly smaller in the group with intimal tears than in the group without the tears. The aortic measurement appears to reflect the tear site.

Conclusions: Hematoma thickness index was an independent predictor of MAAE after acute type A IMH surgery. Long-term periodical follow-up with early reintervention may, therefore, be necessary to improve outcome in these patients. As the optimal treatment method is still controversial, inferring the location of the primary tear through the hematoma thickness index can be helpful in determining the treatment method.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Suk Won(송석원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-9707
Yoo, Kyung Jong(유경종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9858-140X
Lee, Ha(이해)
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