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Why Have the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore Coped Well with COVID-19 and What Are the Lessons Learned from Their Experiences?

Authors
 Jaewan Kim  ;  Jongwoo Moon  ;  Tae Yong Jung  ;  Woojin Kim  ;  Herim Clara Yoo 
Citation
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.63(3) : 296-303, 2022-03 
Journal Title
YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2022-03
MeSH
Adaptation, Psychological ; COVID-19* ; Humans ; Pandemics / prevention & control ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Singapore / epidemiology ; Taiwan / epidemiology
Keywords
COVID-19 ; Republic of Korea ; Singapore ; Taiwan ; comparative study ; information technology
Abstract
This study investigated how three Asian countries-Republic of Korea (ROK), Republic of China (Taiwan), and Singapore-considered as standouts, responded to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in terms of governance system, health sector innovation, and social distancing to draw lessons that other countries can learn from. The countries were commonly in success of the response in early stage of the pandemic thanks to their effective and efficient strategies paired with advanced information and communications technology (ICT). Consequently, the three jurisdictions reported lower confirmed cases as well as fatality rate of the infectious disease compared to other high-income countries. In addition, the countries' previous experiences with other pandemics, including influenza A, Middle East respiratory syndrome, and severe acute respiratory syndrome, enabled them to establish resilient public health systems and gain public acceptance to governmental control or surveillance during national infectious disease-related crises outbreaks. Advanced ICT infrastructure and digital technology were used as effective tools for testing, tracing, and treatment of the pandemic in collaboration with the private sector as a crucial player. The ROK, Taiwan, and Singapore adopted different strategies between containment and mitigation policy to flatten the epidemic curves effectively according to their own situation and judgement. Despite the exemplary aspect of the three nations in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic, a few limitations were also observed in terms of vaccination and unequal consequences of the pandemic among people. These should be further discussed in order to be prepared for future pandemics.
Files in This Item:
T202200538.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2022.63.3.296
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Woojin(김우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5520-4228
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188044
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