0 140

Cited 0 times in

Long-term effects of entecavir and tenofovir treatment on the fibrotic burden in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Authors
 Young Eun Chon  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Yeon Seok Seo  ;  Hye Won Lee  ;  Han Ah Lee  ;  Mi Na Kim  ;  Yun Ho Roh  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Won Young Tak  ;  Soo Young Park  ;  Beom Kyung Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Vol.37(1) : 200-207, 2022-01 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY
ISSN
 0815-9319 
Issue Date
2022-01
Keywords
APRI ; Entecavir ; FIB-4 ; Fibrosis ; Tenofovir
Abstract
Background and aim: Antiviral therapy (AVT) induces fibrosis regression in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated long-term effects of entecavir (ETV) versus tenofovir (TDF) on fibrotic burden.

Methods: Treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients who had begun ETV or TDF were recruited from four tertiary hospitals. The aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on four factors (FIB-4) were used to determine fibrotic burden.

Results: In the entire population (n = 3277), although patients treated with ETV had higher baseline APRI (1.71 vs 1.07, P < 0.001) and FIB-4 (3.60 vs 2.80, P < 0.001) than those treated with TDF, significant fibrosis regression was identified during 6 years of AVT in both ETV (APRI, mean 1.71 → 0.48, P < 0.001; FIB-4, mean 3.60 → 2.21, P < 0.001) and TDF groups (APRI, mean 1.07 → 0.43, P < 0.001; FIB-4, mean 2.80 → 2.19, P < 0.001). In patients without cirrhosis (n = 2366), baseline APRI was significantly higher in ETV group than in TDF group (1.72 vs 0.97, P < 0.001); however, they became similar after 6 months. Similarly, baseline FIB-4 was significantly higher in ETV group than in TDF group (3.25 vs 2.35, P < 0.001), but became similar from 4 to 6 years. In patients with cirrhosis (n = 911), baseline APRI (1.70 vs 1.34, P < 0.001) and FIB-4 (4.62 vs 3.91, P = 0.005) were higher in ETV group than in TDF, however, both parameters became statistically similar from 6 months to 6 years.

Conclusion: Significant regression of APRI and FIB-4 was observed during long-term ETV and TDF treatment. Despite higher baseline fibrotic burden in ETV group, fibrotic burden between the groups eventually converged through significant fibrosis regression after 1 to 4 years of AVT.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgh.15678
DOI
10.1111/jgh.15678
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Roh, Yun Ho(노윤호)
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187982
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links