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Improved 3-Year Cardiac Survival After IVUS-Guided Long DES Implantation: A Patient-Level Analysis From 2 Randomized Trials

Authors
 Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Jun-Jie Zhang  ;  Gary S Mintz  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Jing Kan  ;  Tao Pan  ;  Xiaofei Gao  ;  Zhen Ge  ;  Shao-Liang Chen  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong 
Citation
 JACC-CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS, Vol.15(2) : 208-216, 2022-01 
Journal Title
JACC-CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS
ISSN
 1936-8798 
Issue Date
2022-01
Keywords
coronary artery disease ; drug-eluting stent ; intravascular ultrasound
Abstract
Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate long-term cardiac survival benefit for intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)- versus angiography-guided long drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.

Background: Although the long-term benefit of IVUS guidance for DES implantation has been reported from recent randomized trials, this benefit was primarily driven by the reduction in repeat revascularization. Thus, it remains uncertain whether IVUS guidance improved survival during long-term follow-up.

Methods: We pooled the data of 2 randomized trials (IVUS-XPL [Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions] and ULTIMATE [Intravascular Ultrasound Guided Drug Eluting Stents Implantation in All-Comers Coronary Lesions]) and compared IVUS guidance versus angiography guidance in 2,577 patients with long lesions treated with an implanted stent length ≥28 mm. The primary end point was cardiac death at 3 years.

Results: A 3-year clinical follow-up was completed in 96%. The primary end point of cardiac death occurred in 12 patients (1.0%) in the IVUS-guided group vs 28 patients (2.2%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.22-0.84; P = 0.011). In addition, target lesion-related myocardial infarction occurred in 3 patients (0.2%) in the IVUS-guided group and in 9 patients (0.7%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.09-1.22; P = 0.081), stent thrombosis developed in 3 patients (0.2%) in the IVUS-guided group and 9 patients (0.7%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.09-1.23; P = 0.082), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization was observed in 47 patients (3.8%) in the IVUS-guided group and 80 patients (6.5%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.40-0.82; P = 0.002).

Conclusions: In this post hoc pooled patient-level analysis, the use of IVUS-guided long DES implantation compared with angiography-guided stent implantation improved long-term patient cardiac survival.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1936879821019130
DOI
10.1016/j.jcin.2021.10.020
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187875
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