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Comparison of Gait Parameters during Forward Walking under Different Visual Conditions Using Inertial Motion Sensors

 Eun Jin Son  ;  Ji Hyung Kim  ;  Hye Eun Noh  ;  Inon Kim  ;  Joo Ae Lim  ;  Seung Hwan Han 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.63(1) : 82-87, 2022-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Biomechanical Phenomena ; Gait* ; Healthy Volunteers ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Walking*
Dizziness ; gait analysis ; inertial measurement unit ; postural balance
Purpose: Gait evaluation in patients with dizziness is essential during both initial evaluation and vestibular rehabilitation. Inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based gait analysis systems are clinically applicable in patients with dizziness. Since dizzy patients can utilize visual inputs to compensate for vestibular deficits, it is more difficult for them to walk with their eyes closed (EC). In this study, we compared gait characteristics during forward walking with both eyes open (EO) and EC between healthy subjects and dizzy patients.

Materials and methods: Forty-nine healthy controls (mean age 37.18±10.71 years) and 23 patients with dizziness (mean age 49.25±15.16 years) were subjected to vestibular and gait analyses. Medical histories, physical examinations, and vestibular function tests ruled out possible vestibular deficits in the controls. Subjects were instructed to walk at a comfortable pace for 10 m under two conditions (EO or EC). Spatiotemporal parameters, kinematics, and simulated kinetics of each gait recording were recorded using a shoe-type IMU system and analyzed.

Results: Although gait speeds were slower, stride lengths were smaller, and double support times were increased under the EC, compared to the EO condition, in both healthy subjects and dizzy patients, the difference was more prominent in dizzy patients. Phase coordination index values did not differ significantly in either group. Gait asymmetry (GA) increased significantly under the EC condition, compared to the EO condition, in dizzy patients.

Conclusion: GA during forward walking was greater in dizzy patients under an EC condition than under an EO condition.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Son, Eun Jin(손은진)
Han, Seung Hwan(한승환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7975-6067
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