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No influence of hepatic steatosis on the 3-year outcomes of patients with quiescent chronic hepatitis B

 Jin Won Chang  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Hye Won Lee  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Seung Up Kim 
 JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS, Vol.28(11) : 1545-1553, 2021-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular* / epidemiology ; DNA, Viral ; Female ; Hepatitis B Surface Antigens ; Hepatitis B virus / genetics ; Hepatitis B, Chronic* / complications ; Humans ; Liver Neoplasms* / epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged
Hepatitis B surface antigen ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; liver fibrosis
The influence of hepatic steatosis on the natural history of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus is unclear. Therefore, we investigated whether concurrent steatosis in patients with CHB influences the probability of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss, fibrosis progression and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. This study enrolled treatment-naïve patients with virologically (HBV DNA <2,000 IU/ml) and biochemically (alanine aminotransferase level <40 IU/L) quiescent CHB who underwent transient elastography between January 2004 and December 2015 and completed 3 years of follow-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population (n = 720) was 52.0 years, and there were more men than women (n = 419, 58.2%). The mean HBV DNA level was 321.6 IU/ml. During the 3-year period, 74 (10.3%) patients achieved HBsAg seroclearance. Lower HBV DNA levels (hazard ratio = 0.995, p < .05) were independently associated with HBsAg seroclearance, while hepatic steatosis was not (p > .05). Fibrosis progressed in 89 (12.4%) patients. Male gender (odds ratio [OR] = 1.720) and higher body mass index (OR = 1.083) were independently associated with an increased probability of fibrosis progression (all p < .05), while higher total cholesterol levels (OR = 0.991) and higher liver stiffness values (OR = 0.862) were independently associated with a decreased probability of fibrosis progression (all p < .05). HCC developed in 46 (6.4%) patients. Male gender (OR = 3.917) and higher AST levels (OR = 1.036) were independently associated with an increased probability of HCC development (p < .05). Hepatic steatosis was not associated with the probability of HBsAg seroclearance, fibrosis progression or HCC development in patients quiescent CHB in our study. Further studies with longer follow-up periods are required to validate our findings.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
Chang, Jin Won(장진원)
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