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Risk stratification using sarcopenia status among subjects with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease

 Ho Soo Chun  ;  Mi Na Kim  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Hye Won Lee  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Seung Up Kim 
 JOURNAL OF CACHEXIA SARCOPENIA AND MUSCLE, Vol.12(5) : 1168-1178, 2021-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Humans ; Liver Cirrhosis / complications ; Liver Cirrhosis / diagnosis ; Liver Cirrhosis / epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease* / complications ; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease* / epidemiology ; Nutrition Surveys ; Risk Assessment ; Sarcopenia* / diagnosis ; Sarcopenia* / epidemiology ; Sarcopenia* / etiology
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ; Liver fibrosis ; Metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease ; Risk stratification ; Sarcopenia
Background: Sarcopenia is a significant indicator of the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We investigated whether sarcopenia could identify subgroups with different risk of liver fibrosis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among subjects with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD).

Methods: Subjects from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011 were selected (n = 8361). Sarcopenia was defined using the sarcopenia index. Hepatic steatosis was defined as a fatty liver index ≥30. Significant liver fibrosis was defined as a fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) ≥2.67 or the highest quartile of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS). High probability of ASCVD was defined as ASCVD risk score >10%.

Results: The mean age was 48.5 ± 15.6 years, and 42.6% of subjects were male. The prevalence of MAFLD was 37.3% (n = 3116 of 8361), and the proportion of sarcopenic subjects was 9.9% among those with MAFLD. After adjusting for confounders, the risk of significant liver fibrosis significantly increased from non-sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.57 by FIB-4 and 2.13 by NFS] to sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 4.51 by FIB-4 and 5.72 by NFS), compared with subjects without MAFLD (all P < 0.001). The risk for high probability of ASCVD significantly increased from non-sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 1.47) to sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 4.08), compared with subjects without MAFLD (all P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The risks of significant liver fibrosis and ASCVD differed significantly according to sarcopenic status among subjects with MAFLD. An assessment of sarcopenia might be helpful in risk stratification among subjects with MAFLD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
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