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Genomic Instability of Circulating Tumor DNA as a Prognostic Marker for Pancreatic Cancer Survival: A Prospective Cohort Study

 Sang Myung Woo  ;  Min Kyeong Kim  ;  Boram Park  ;  Eun-Hae Cho  ;  Tae-Rim Lee  ;  Chang-Seok Ki  ;  Kyong-Ah Yoon  ;  Yun-Hee Kim  ;  Wonyoung Choi  ;  Do Yei Kim  ;  Jin-Hyeok Hwang  ;  Jae Hee Cho  ;  Sung-Sik Han  ;  Woo Jin Lee  ;  Sang-Jae Park  ;  Sun-Young Kong 
 CANCERS, Vol.13(21) : 5466, 2021-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
circulating tumor DNA ; genomic instability ; genomic instability index ; instability score ; outcome prediction ; pancreatic cancer ; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma ; prognostic biomarker
Genomic instability of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) as a prognostic biomarker has not been evaluated in pancreatic cancer. We investigated the role of the genomic instability index of ctDNA in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We prospectively enrolled 315 patients newly diagnosed with resectable (n = 110), locally advanced (n = 78), and metastatic (n = 127) PDAC from March 2015 through January 2020. Low-depth whole-genome cell-free DNA sequencing identified genome-wide copy number alterations using instability score (I-score) to reflect genome-wide instability. Plasma cell-free and matched tumor tissue DNA from 15 patients with resectable pancreatic cancer was sequenced to assess the concordance of chromosomal copy number alteration profiles. Associations of I-score with clinical factors or survival were assessed. Seventy-six patients had high genomic instability with I-score > 7.3 in pre-treatment ctDNA; proportions of high I-score were 5.5%, 5.1%, and 52% in resectable, locally advanced, and metastatic stages, respectively. Correlation coefficients between Z-scores of plasma and tissue DNA at segment resolution were high (r2 = 0.82). Univariable analysis showed the association of I-score with progression-free survival in each stage. Multivariable analyses demonstrated that clinical stage-adjusted I-scores were significant factors for progression-free and overall survival. In these patients, ctDNA genomic I-scores provided prognostic information relevant to progression-free survival in each clinical stage.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Jae Hee(조재희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4174-0091
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