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Real-world evidence on the strategy of olmesartan-based triple single-pill combination in Korean hypertensive patients: a prospective, multicenter, observational study (RESOLVE-PRO)

 Il Suk Sohn  ;  Sang-Hyun Ihm  ;  Gee Hee Kim  ;  Sang Min Park  ;  Bum-Kee Hong  ;  Chang Hoon Lee  ;  Sang Hyun Lee  ;  Dae-Il Chang  ;  Sung-Pil Joo  ;  Sang-Chan Lee  ;  Yong-Ho Lee  ;  Dong Woon Jeon  ;  Kyung Tae Jung  ;  Si Jae Rhee  ;  Yoon-Jin Cho  ;  Chong-Jin Kim 
 Clinical Hypertension, Vol.27(1) : 21, 2021-11 
Journal Title
Clinical Hypertension
Issue Date
Amlodipine ; Hydrochlorothiazide ; Hypertension ; Korea ; Observational study ; Olmesartan ; Real-world ; Single-pill combination
Background: In this prospective, multicenter, non-comparative observational study, the effectiveness and safety of the triple single-pill combination (SPC) of olmesartan/amlodipine/hydrochlorothiazide (OM/AML/HCTZ) were evaluated in a real clinical practice setting in Korean patients with essential hypertension.

Methods: A total of 3752 patients were enrolled and followed for 12 months after administration of OM/AML/HCTZ. Primary endpoint was change from baseline to month 6 in the mean systolic blood pressure (SBP). Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline in the mean SBP at month 3, 9, 12 and the mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at month 3, 6, 9, 12; changes in the mean SBP/DBP according to age and underlying risk factors; and blood pressure control rate (%) at different time points. Adherence to and satisfaction with OM/AML/HCTZ treatment among patients and physicians were assessed by medication possession ratio (MPR) and numeric rating scale, respectively, as exploratory endpoints. Safety was evaluated by the incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) as well as the discontinuation rate due to AEs.

Results: OM/AML/HCTZ administration led to significant reductions in the mean SBP/DBP by 11.5/6.6, 12.3/7.0, 12.3/7.2, and 12.8/7.4 mmHg from baseline to month 3, 6, 9 and 12, respectively (P < 0.0001). The BP reductions were maintained throughout the 1-year observation period in all patients with different age groups and risk factors (diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease). The BP control rate (%) of < 140/90 mmHg was 65.9, 67.9, 68.9, and 70.6% at month 3, 6, 9, and 12, respectively. The mean MPR during the observation period was 0.96. The safety results were consistent with the previously reported safety profile of OM/AML/HCTZ.

Conclusions: Treatment with the triple SPC of OM/AML/HCTZ demonstrated significant effectiveness in reducing SBP/DBP and achieving target BP control with high adherence over the 1-year observation period in Korean hypertensive patients and was well-tolerated.

Trial registration: CRIS, KCT0002196 , Registered 3 May 2016.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Yong Ho(이용호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4942
Hong, Bum Kee(홍범기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6456-0184
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