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Handgrip Strength Correlated with Falling Risk in Patients with Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy

 Kathryn Anne Jimenez  ;  Ji-Won Kwon  ;  Jayeong Yoon  ;  Hwan-Mo Lee  ;  Seong-Hwan Moon  ;  Kyung-Soo Suk  ;  Hak-Sun Kim  ;  Byung Ho Lee 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(9) : 1980, 2021-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
cervical myelopathy ; falls ; hand grip strength ; postoperative
Background: Few studies have investigated associations between hand grip strength (HGS) and the surgical outcomes of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM).

Methods: This study was designed as a prospective observational study of 203 patients who had undergone fusion surgery for DCM. We divided the patients according to sex and HGS differences. Clinical outcome parameters, including HGS, a fall diary and four functional mobility tests (alternative step test, six-meter walk test, timed up and go test, and sit-to-stand test) were measured preoperatively, at 3 months and 1 year after surgery.

Results: Mean patient ages were 59.93 years in the male group and 67.33 years in the female group (p = 0.000; independent t-test). The mean HGS of both hands improved significantly at postoperative 3 months and 1 year in all patients (p = 0.000 for both; ANOVA). In male patients, preoperative risk of falls was negatively correlated with HGS (p = 0.000). In female patients, pre- and postoperative risk of falls were correlated negatively with HGS (p = 0.000). The postoperative incidence of falls decreased in both groups (p = 0.000) Conclusions: Postoperative HGS in patients with DCM is correlated with postoperative falls and functional outcome differently, when comparing male and female patients, for predicting favorable outcomes and neurologic deficit recovery after surgery in DCM patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ji-Won(권지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4880-5310
Kim, Hak Sun(김학선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8330-4688
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
Suk, Kyung Soo(석경수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0633-2658
Yoon, Jayeong(윤자영)
Lee, Byung Ho(이병호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7235-4981
Lee, Hwan Mo(이환모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5405-3832
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