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Outcomes in prediabetes vs. diabetes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous intervention

 Yong Hoon Kim  ;  Ae-Young Her  ;  Myung Ho Jeong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Seunghwan Kim  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
 CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE, Vol.32(3) : 211-223, 2021-05 
Journal Title
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Objective: The comparative long-term clinical outcomes between patients with prediabetes and diabetes in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not well known. We therefore compared the 2-year clinical outcomes in such patients.

Methods: A total of 2963 patients with NSTEMI and MVD [normoglycemia (group A, n = 629), prediabetes (group B, n = 802), and diabetes (group C, n = 1532)] were evaluated. The primary outcomes were the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any repeat revascularization. The secondary outcome was stent thrombosis.

Results: The cumulative incidence of MACE as well as for death or MI in group B and C were similar when compared to each other. However, they (P = 0.048 and P = 0.017, respectively and P = 0.022 and P = 0.001, respectively) were significantly higher than in group A. The cumulative incidence of all-cause death in group B (P = 0.042) and all-cause death and cardiac death in group C (P = 0.001 and P = 0.028, respectively) were significantly higher than in group A. However, those of all-cause death, cardiac death, Re-MI, any repeat revascularization, and ST were not significantly different between groups B and C.

Conclusion: In this study, patients with NSTEMI and MVD who underwent successful implantation of newer-generation DES and were prediabetic had worse outcomes compared to normoglycemics and comparable to those with diabetes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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