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Efficacy of radiotherapy for gastric bleeding associated with advanced gastric cancer

 Joongyo Lee  ;  Hwa Kyung Byun  ;  Woong Sub Koom  ;  Yong Chan Lee  ;  Jinsil Seong 
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY, Vol.16(1) : 161, 2021-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Bleeding ; Gastric cancer ; Palliative treatment ; Radiotherapy
Background: Gastric bleeding negatively impacts the quality of life of patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer and is frequently lethal. We investigated the efficacy of RT for palliation of gastric bleeding from gastric cancer and identified an optimal radiotherapy (RT) strategy.

Methods: The study analyzed 57 patients submitted to palliative RT for gastric bleeding associated with gastric cancer between January 2009 and February 2019. Changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels were analyzed based on measurements taken before and immediately, 1 month, and 2 months after RT. Re-bleeding after RT was identified as either Hb level dropping to < 7.0 g/dL or the administration of a blood transfusion after RT.

Results: The median biologically effective dose (α/β = 10) was 37.5 Gy (range 23.6-58.5). The most common regimen was 25 Gy in five fractions. The mean Hb levels before, immediately after, 1 month, and 2 months after RT (6.6, 9.7, 10.3, and 9.7 g/dL, respectively) were significantly higher than that before RT (all p < 0.001). No significant differences in re-bleeding rates were observed according to total dose, fractional dose, and fraction number. Gastric tumor response evaluated by computed tomography within 2 months after RT showed partial responses were more frequent in patients achieving bleeding control (25.0% vs. 10.8%, p = 0.023) and overall survival was significantly improved for bleeding control within 3 months after RT (median, 15.4 vs. 10.0 weeks, p = 0.048).

Conclusions: RT was an effective modality for gastric bleeding control in gastric cancer, which can be achieved with a short course scheme with five fractions.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koom, Woong Sub(금웅섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9435-7750
Byun, Hwa Kyung(변화경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-6275
Seong, Jin Sil(성진실) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1794-5951
Lee, Yong Chan(이용찬) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8800-6906
Lee, Joongyo(이준교)
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