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Association between Sociodemographic Factors and Diarrhea in Children Under 5 Years in Rwanda

Authors
 Umuhoza Claudine  ;  Ju Yeong Kim  ;  Eun-Min Kim  ;  Tai-Soon Yong 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, Vol.59(1) : 61-65, 2021-02 
Journal Title
KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY
ISSN
 0023-4001 
Issue Date
2021-02
Keywords
Diarrhea ; Rwanda ; children
Abstract
Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of mortality and morbidity in children under 5 years old worldwide, and is the most common cause of malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. In Rwanda, diarrhea is the third leading cause of death in children under 5 years old. This study examined the association between sociodemographic factors and diarrhea in children under 5 years using the data of 7,474 households in the 2014-2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey. Overall prevalence of diarrhea in this study was 12.7% in children. An increased risk for diarrhea was found for children aged 12-23 months (odds ratio (OR)=4.514), those with a low economic status (OR=1.64), those from the Western province (OR=1.439), those with poorly-educated mothers (OR=5.163), and those with families engaged in agricultural activities (OR=1.624). In conclusion, sociodemographic factors significantly affect the risk of developing diarrhea in children under 5 years in Rwanda. Designing and implementing health education promoting awareness of early interventions and rotavirus vaccination are essential to reduce diarrheal diseases for the Rwandan community.
Files in This Item:
T202103557.pdf Download
DOI
10.3347/kjp.2021.59.1.61
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ju Young(김주영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2456-6298
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184749
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