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Artificial Intelligence and Echocardiography

 Yeonyee E Yoon  ;  Sekeun Kim  ;  Hyuk Jae Chang 
 Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, Vol.29(3) : 193-204, 2021-07 
Journal Title
Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue Date
Artificial intelligence ; Deep learning ; Echocardiography ; Machine learning
Artificial intelligence (AI) is evolving in the field of diagnostic medical imaging, including echocardiography. Although the dynamic nature of echocardiography presents challenges beyond those of static images from X-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, and radioisotope imaging, AI has influenced all steps of echocardiography, from image acquisition to automatic measurement and interpretation. Considering that echocardiography often is affected by inter-observer variability and shows a strong dependence on the level of experience, AI could be extremely advantageous in minimizing observer variation and providing reproducible measures, enabling accurate diagnosis. Currently, most reported AI applications in echocardiographic measurement have focused on improved image acquisition and automation of repetitive and tedious tasks; however, the role of AI applications should not be limited to conventional processes. Rather, AI could provide clinically important insights from subtle and non-specific data, such as changes in myocardial texture in patients with myocardial disease. Recent initiatives to develop large echocardiographic databases can facilitate development of AI applications. The ultimate goal of applying AI to echocardiography is automation of the entire process of echocardiogram analysis. Once automatic analysis becomes reliable, workflows in clinical echocardiographic will change radically. The human expert will remain the master controlling the overall diagnostic process, will not be replaced by AI, and will obtain significant support from AI systems to guide acquisition, perform measurements, and integrate and compare data on request.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Hyuk-Jae(장혁재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
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