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Clinical and survival outcomes after hepatectomy in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver and hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma

 Yoon Bin Jung  ;  Jeong Eun Yoo  ;  Dai Hoon Han  ;  Kyung Sik Kim  ;  Jin Sub Choi  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Young Nyun Park  ;  Gi Hong Choi 
 HPB, Vol.23(7) : 1113-1122, 2021-07 
Journal Title
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Background: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease-related hepatocellular carcinoma (NAFLD-HCC) has increased parallelly with that of metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to compare the clinical and survival outcomes of NAFLD-HCC and HBV-related HCC(HBV-HCC).

Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC at Severance Hospital between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Occult HBV infection was identified by nested PCR. Propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted to minimize lead-time bias caused by the lack of surveillance in NAFLD patients. Surgical and oncologic outcomes were compared between the two groups.

Results: There were 32 patients (7%) with NAFLD-HCC, 200 (46%) with HBV-HCC, and 194 (44%) with HBV/NAFLD-HCC (HBV and NAFLD). Before PSM, cirrhosis was more frequently detected in HBV-HCC patients (55% vs 15%, p < 0.001) and the average tumor size was larger in the NAFLD-HCC group than in the HBV-HCC group (4.4 ± 3.3 cm vs 3.4 ± 1.8 cm, p = 0.014). After a median follow-up of 74 months (range 0-157 months), survival analyses before PSM showed better 5-year overall survival (OS) in HBV-HCC patients than in NAFLD-HCC patients (80% vs 63%, p = 0.041). After PSM, 5-year OS rates were similar (60% vs 63%, p = 0.978). There were no differences between the groups in recurrence-free or disease-specific survival before and after PSM.

Conclusion: Patients with NAFLD-HCC were less likely to have underlying cirrhosis but more likely to have larger tumors at the time of diagnosis than patients with HBV-HCC. The OS of patients with NAFLD-HCC appeared to be worse than that of patients with HBV-HCC. Therefore, active HCC surveillance is recommended in patients with metabolic syndrome for the early detection of HCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Sik(김경식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9498-284X
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Yoo, Jeong Eun(유정은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9990-279X
Jung, Yoon Bin(정윤빈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9829-1931
Choi, Gi Hong(최기홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1593-3773
Choi, Jin Sub(최진섭)
Han, Dai Hoon(한대훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2787-7876
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