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Lenvatinib is independently associated with the reduced risk of progressive disease when compared with sorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

Authors
 Soojin Kim  ;  Kyung Hyun Kim  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Seung Up Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Vol.36(5) : 1317-1325, 2021-05 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY
ISSN
 0815-9319 
Issue Date
2021-05
Keywords
hepatocellular carcinoma ; lenvatinib ; overall survival ; progression-free survival ; sorafenib
Abstract
Background and aims: Recently, lenvatinib demonstrated non-inferiority to sorafenib in terms of overall survival (OS) in a randomized phase III study that was conducted at 154 sites in 20 countries. Here, we investigated treatment outcomes and safety of lenvatinib compared with sorafenib and identified independent predictors of poor outcomes, including shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and OS in Korean patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods: Patients with advanced HCC treated with lenvatinib or sorafenib at Yonsei Liver Center, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine between October 2018 to October 2019 were considered eligible. Response evaluation was performed according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.

Results: The lenvatinib arm had a significantly lower proportion of patients who received prior anti-HCC treatments (47.7% vs 78.7%; P < 0.001) than those in the sorafenib arm. Univariate analysis showed that ECOG 1 (vs 0), serum albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), previous anti-HCC treatments, and lenvatinib (vs sorafenib) were significant predictors of progressive disease (all P < 0.05). In the subsequent multivariate analysis, ECOG 1 (vs 0) (hazard ratio [HR] = 4.721, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.371-16.259; P = 0.014), higher AFP level (HR = 1.000, 95% CI 1.000-1.000; P = 0.015), and lenvatinib treatment (vs sorafenib) (HR = 0.461, 95% CI 0.264-0.804; P = 0.006) independently predicted a higher probability of progressive disease.

Conclusions: Patients treated with lenvatinib demonstrated significantly longer PFS than those treated with sorafenib. Furthermore, no significant differences were observed in mortality rates between the two groups, which indicated that lenvatinib is non-inferior to sorafenib in terms of OS.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgh.15355
DOI
10.1111/jgh.15355
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184234
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