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Changes in Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Events in the Elderly Population

 Pil-Sung Yang  ;  Eunsun Jang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Boyoung Joung 
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, Vol.10(11) : e019482, 2021-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
cardiovascular disease ; cardiovascular health ; elderly ; mortality
Background This study examines changes in the ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) status and whether these changes are associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in the elderly Asian population. Methods and Results In the Korea National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort aged ≥60 years, 208 673 participants without prior CVD, including 109 431 who showed changes in CVH status, were assessed. The association of the changes in cardiovascular risk factors with incident CVD was assessed from 2004 to 2014 in the elderly (aged 60-74 years) and very elderly (≥75 years) groups. During the follow-up period (7.1 years for CVD and 7.2 years for mortality), 19 429 incident CVD events and 24 225 deaths occurred. In both the elderly and very elderly participants, higher CVH status resulted in a lower risk of CVD and mortality. In the very elderly participants, compared with consistently low CVH, consistently high CVH (subhazard ratio, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.23-0.73) was associated with a lower risk of CVD. This trend was consistently observed in the elderly population. In the very elderly participants, total cholesterol level was not informative enough for the prediction of CVD events. In both the elderly and very elderly groups, body mass index and total cholesterol were not informative enough for the prediction of all-cause mortality. Conclusions In both the elderly and very elderly Asian populations without CVD, a consistent relationship was observed between the improvement of a composite metric of CVH and the reduced risk of CVD. Body mass index and total cholesterol were not informative enough for the prediction of all-cause mortality in both the elderly and very elderly groups.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Jang, Eunsun(장은선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6991-4765
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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