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The Prognostic Role of On-Treatment Liver Stiffness for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Authors
 Hye Won Lee  ;  Hyun Woong Lee  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Yun Ho Roh  ;  Hyein Lee  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Beom Kyung Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA, Vol.8 : 467-476, 2021-05 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA
Issue Date
2021-05
Keywords
antiviral treatment ; hepatitis B ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; liver stiffness
Abstract
Background: Dynamic changes in fibrosis markers occur under long-term antiviral treatment (AVT) for chronic hepatitis B. We evaluated prognostic values of on-treatment liver stiffness (LS) compared to ultrasonography findings and determined its optimal cutoff.

Methods: The cumulative probability of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was assessed among 880 patients receiving entecavir or tenofovir for ≥2 years. LS was measured using transient elastography.

Results: After ≥2 years' AVT, the proportion of patients with cirrhosis on ultrasonography decreased from 54.7% to 44.9% and the mean LS decreased from 13.6 to 8.2 kPa (both p<0.001). However, unlike cirrhosis on ultrasonography before AVT (p<0.001), that after ≥2 years' AVT did not discriminate HCC risk (p=0.792). Using the Contal and O'Quigley's method, pre-AVT and on-treatment LS of 12.0 and 6.4 kPa, respectively, were chosen as optimal cutoffs to successfully discriminate HCC risk (both p<0.001). However, through stratification using both pre-AVT and on-treatment LS, the prognosis was finally determined according to on-treatment LS of 6.4 kPa, regardless of pre-AVT LS of 12.0 kPa. Using on-treatment LS of 12 kPa suggested by Caucasians with CHB receiving long-term AVT, patients with higher LS were more likely to develop HCC than those with lower LS (p=0.017); however, there was no significant difference between those with on-treatment LS of 6.4-11.9 and ≥ 12.0 kPa (p=0.920).

Conclusion: For HCC risk stratification in patients receiving long-term AVT, on-treatment LS cutoff should be lowered to 6.4 kPa, which is more predictive than 12 kPa or cirrhosis on ultrasonography. Further studies are required for validation.
Files in This Item:
T202101791.pdf Download
DOI
10.2147/JHC.S300382
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Roh, Yun Ho(노윤호)
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hyun Woong(이현웅) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6958-3035
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/183981
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