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Impacts of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors on two-year clinical outcomes in diabetic and dyslipidemic acute myocardial infarction patients after a successful percutaneous coronary intervention using newer-generation drug-eluting stents

 Yong Hoon Kim  ;  Ae-Young Her  ;  Myung Ho Jeong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Seunghwan Kim  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
 MEDICINE, Vol.99(30) : e21289, 2020-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use* ; Case-Control Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology ; Drug-Eluting Stents* ; Dyslipidemias / complications ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Myocardial Infarction / complications ; Myocardial Infarction / therapy* ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention / methods* ; Registries ; Republic of Korea
This study investigated the impacts of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASIs) on 2-year clinical outcomes in diabetes and dyslipidemic acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after a successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs).A total of 16,997 AMI patients were enrolled, and divided into four groups based on the presence or absence of diabetes and dyslipidemia as follows: diabetes -/dyslipidemia -(group A, 11,132 patients), diabetes +/dyslipidemia - (group B, 3,860 patients), diabetes -/dyslipidemia + (group C, 1,328 patients), and diabetes +/dyslipidemia + (group D, 677 patients). The clinical endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), the composite of total death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), and any repeat revascularization, including target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-target vessel revascularization (non-TVR).After RASIs therapy, the cumulative incidences of MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.330; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.022-1.732; P = .034), any repeat revascularization (aHR, 1.584; 95% CI, 1.092-2.298; P = .015), TLR, and TVR were significantly higher in group B than group C. However, the cumulative incidences of all-cause death, cardiac death, re-MI, and non-TVR were similar in groups B and C.In this study, under the newer-generation DESs era, repeat revascularization rate reduction benefit of RASIs therapy in diabetic AMI patients was lesser than that in dyslipidemic AMI patients. However, larger randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm these results in the future.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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