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Consensus Decision-Making for the Management of Antiplatelet Therapy before Non-Cardiac Surgery in Patients Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents: A Cohort Study

Authors
 Choongki Kim  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Hyeongsoo Kim  ;  Sung Gyun Ahn  ;  Sungsoo Cho  ;  Oh-Hyun Lee  ;  Jong-Kwan Park  ;  Sanghoon Shin  ;  Jae Youn Moon  ;  Hoyoun Won  ;  Yongsung Suh  ;  Jung Rae Cho  ;  Yun-Hyeong Cho  ;  Seung-Jin Oh  ;  Byoung-Kwon Lee  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Dong-Ho Shin  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, Vol.10(8) : e20079, 2021-04 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION 
Issue Date
2021-04
Keywords
antiplatelet therapy ; consensus ; drug‐eluting stent ; non‐cardiac surgery ; percutaneous coronary intervention ; surgery
Abstract
Background Although antiplatelet therapy (APT) has been recommended to balance ischemic-bleeding risks, it has been left to an individualized decision-making based on physicians' perspectives before non-cardiac surgery. The study aimed to assess the advantages of a consensus among physicians, surgeons, and anesthesiologists on continuation and regimen of preoperative APT in patients with coronary drug-eluting stents. Methods and Results A total of 3582 adult patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery after percutaneous coronary intervention with second-generation stents was retrospectively included from a multicenter cohort. Physicians determined whether APT should be continued or discontinued for a recommended period before non-cardiac surgery. There were 3103 patients who complied with a consensus decision. Arbitrary APT, not based on a consensus decision, was associated with urgent surgery, high bleeding risk of surgery, female sex, and dual APT at the time of preoperative evaluation. Arbitrary APT independently increased the net clinical adverse event (adjusted odds ratio [ORadj], 1.98; 95% CI, 1.98-3.11), major adverse cardiac event (ORadj, 3.11; 95% CI, 1.31-7.34), and major bleeding (ORadj, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.45-3.76) risks. The association was consistently noted, irrespective of the surgical risks, recommendations, and practice on discontinuation of APT. Conclusions Most patients were treated in agreement with a consensus decision about preoperative APT based on a referral system among physicians, surgeons, and anesthesiologists. The risk of perioperative adverse events increased if complying with a consensus decision was failed. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03908463.
Full Text
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/epub/10.1161/JAHA.120.020079
DOI
10.1161/JAHA.120.020079
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Kim, Hyeongsoo(김형수)
Shin, Dong Ho(신동호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7874-5542
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Byoung Kwon(이병권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9259-2776
Lee, Oh Hyun(이오현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7070-7720
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182826
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