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Associations between self-reported physical activity and oral health: a cross-sectional analysis in 17,777 Spanish adults

Authors
 Guillermo F Lopez Sanchez  ;  Lee Smith  ;  Ai Koyanagi  ;  Igor Grabovac  ;  Lin Yang  ;  Nicola Veronese  ;  Jae Il Shin  ;  Mike Loosemore  ;  Louis Jacob 
Citation
 BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL, Vol.228(5) : 361-365, 2020-03 
Journal Title
BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL
ISSN
 0007-0610 
Issue Date
2020-03
MeSH
Adult ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Dental Caries* ; Exercise ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Oral Health* ; Prevalence ; Self Report ; Spain
Abstract
Background The aim of this study was to assess the association between levels of physical activity and oral health in adults residing in Spain.Methods Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed (n = 17,777 adults aged ≥15 years; 52.0% females). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form was used to measure physical activity. Oral health was self-reported through eight variables. Covariates included were sex, age, marital status, education, obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption.Results Dental caries (19.8% vs 27.8%), dental extraction (72.7% vs 75.4%), gingival bleeding (15.5% vs 19.1%), tooth movement (4.3% vs 5.9%) and missing tooth (57.9% vs 62.5%) were statistically significantly less frequent in the sufficient than insufficient physical activity group, whereas dental filling (74.2% vs 70.9%), dental material (36.6% vs 34.8%) and no missing tooth and no material (28.2% vs 25.1%) were statistically significantly more common. After adjustment, there was a negative relationship between physical activity and dental caries (OR = 0.72; 95%CI = 0.66-0.78), gingival bleeding (OR = 0.79; 95%CI = 0.72-0.86), tooth movement (OR = 0.83; 95%CI = 0.71-0.96) and missing tooth (OR = 0.91; 95%CI = 0.85-0.98). In contrast, physical activity was positively associated with dental material (OR = 1.16; 95%CI = 1.07-1.25).Conclusions Participation in physical activity is favourably associated with some but not all self-reported oral health correlates.
Full Text
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41415-020-1306-3
DOI
10.1038/s41415-020-1306-3
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Jae Il(신재일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2326-1820
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182521
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