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Olig2 regulates p53-mediated apoptosis, migration and invasion of melanoma cells

 Ji Eun Lee  ;  Sungjin Ahn  ;  Haengdueng Jeong  ;  Seungchan An  ;  Cheol Hwan Myung  ;  Jeong Ah Lee  ;  Sung Chan Hong  ;  Youn Jin Kim  ;  Jin Young Kim  ;  Jong Hyuk Ryu  ;  Minsoo Noh  ;  Ki Taek Nam  ;  Jae Sung Hwang 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 7778, 2021-04 
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Melanoma is a disease with a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis; therefore, the need for targeted therapeutics is steadily increasing. Oligodendrocyte transcription factor2 (Olig2) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is expressed in the central nervous system during embryonic development. Olig2 is overexpressed in various malignant cell lines such as lung carcinoma, glioma and melanoma. Olig2 is known as a key transcription factor that promotes tumor growth in malignant glioma. However, the role of Olig2 in melanoma is not well characterized. We analyzed the role of Olig2 in apoptosis, migration, and invasion of melanoma cells. We confirmed that Olig2 was overexpressed in melanoma cells and tissues. Reduction of Olig2 increased apoptosis in melanoma cells by increasing p53 level and caspase-3/-7 enzyme activity. In addition, downregulation of Olig2 suppressed migration and invasion of melanoma cells by inhibiting EMT. Reduction of Olig2 inhibited expression of MMP-1 and the enzyme activity of MMP-2/-9 induced by TGF-β. Moreover, Olig2 was involved in the downstream stages of MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT, which are major signaling pathways in metastatic progression of melanoma. In conclusion, this study demonstrated the crucial roles of Olig2 in apoptosis, migration, and invasion of melanoma and may help to further our understanding of the relationship between Olig2 and melanoma progression.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Nam, Ki Taek(남기택)
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