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Medio-Lateral and Flexion-Extension Gap Imbalances in Mechanically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Measured Resection Technique in Korean Patients: 3D Simulation

 Byung Woo Cho  ;  Ji Hoon Nam  ;  Yong Gon Koh  ;  Kwan Kyu Park  ;  Kyoung Tak Kang 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(4) : 845, 2021-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Korean patients ; imbalance ; morphometry ; total knee replacement
Background: It is well known that the measured resection (MR) technique in mechanically aligned (MA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) generates significant gap imbalances, but little is known about whether this applies to the knees of Asian patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the medio-lateral and flexion-extension gap imbalances and to find the most optimal posterior femoral condyle resection method for operating on the knees of Asian patients. Methods: In total, 738 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of consecutive patients who underwent TKA were obtained. Four posterior femoral condylar resection methods were used: alignment by the surgical transepicondylar axis (TEA), Whiteside's line (WSL), 3° external rotation to the posterior condylar axis (PCA), and flexion-extension axis (FEA). Results: For the medial compartments, there were significant differences between the flexion and extension gaps in the varus knee group in all four methods, but there were no differences between the flexion and extension gaps in the valgus knee group. For the lateral compartment, all the methods showed significant differences except for WSL of the valgus knee group and FEA of the varus knee group. Conclusions: In Asian patients, the use of the MA MR technique inevitably leads to medio-lateral or flexion-extension imbalances. Therefore, surgeons should consider which methods can minimize imbalances and choose the best method within the technically possible range.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Kwan Kyu(박관규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0514-3257
Cho, Byung Woo(조병우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7472-4103
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