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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in polycystic ovary syndrome women

 Young Bin Won  ;  Seok Kyo Seo  ;  Bo Hyon Yun  ;  SiHyun Cho  ;  Young Sik Choi  ;  Byung Seok Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 7085, 2021-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
To evaluate risk factors leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurrence in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) women. A retrospective cohort study of a total of 586 women diagnosed with PCOS aged 13–35 years at the gynecology department at a university hospital was done to evaluate PCOS phenotype, metabolic syndrome (MetS) diagnosis, body composition, insulin sensitivity, sex hormones, lipid profile, liver function, and transient elastography (TE). In PCOS women with NAFLD compared to those without, MetS diagnosis (Hazard ratio [HR] 5.6, 95% Confidence interval [CI] 2.2–14.4, p < 0.01) and hyperandrogenism (HA) (HR 4.4, 95% CI 1.4–13.4, p = 0.01) were risk factors significantly associated with subsequent NAFLD occurrence, whereas 2-h insulin level in 75 g glucose tolerance test (GTT) (HR 1.2, 95% CI 0.5–2.5, p = 0.70) and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2 (HR 2.2, 95% CI 0.6–8.0, p = 0.24) was not. Among NAFLD patients who underwent TE, a higher number of MetS components indicated a worse degree of fibrosis and steatosis. MetS diagnosis and HA at PCOS diagnosis were risk factors associated with NAFLD, while 2-h insulin level in 75 g GTT and obesity were not. Although elevated aspartate aminotransferase levels were significant for NAFLD risk, liver enzyme elevations may not be present until late liver damage. Further prospective studies of PCOS women with MetS or HA are warranted to determine whether patients without liver enzyme elevations should undergo preemptive liver examinations.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Seo, Seok Kyo(서석교) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3404-0484
Won, Young Bin(원영빈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7345-7090
Yun, Bo Hyon(윤보현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5703-797X
Lee, Byung Seok(이병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6001-2079
Cho, Si Hyun(조시현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2718-6645
Choi, Young Sik(최영식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1157-4822
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