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Reduction of mortality by catheter ablation in real-world atrial fibrillation patients with heart failure

 Pil-Sung Yang  ;  Daehoon Kim  ;  Jung-Hoon Sung  ;  Eunsun Jang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Boyoung Joung 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 4694, 2021-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Whether catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) improves survival and affects other outcomes in real-world heart failure (HF) patients is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate whether ablation reduces death, and other outcomes in real-world AF patients with HF. Among 834,735 patients with AF from 2006 to 2015 in the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, 3173 HF patients underwent AF ablation. Propensity score weighting was used to correct for differences between the groups. During median 54 months follow-up, the risk of all-cause death in ablated patients was less than half of that in patients with medical therapy (2.8 vs. 6.2 per 100 person-years; hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.27-0.65, p < 0.001). Ablation was related with lower risk of cardiovascular death (HR 0.38, 95% CI 0.32-0.62, p < 0.001), HF admission (HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.33-0.46, p < 0.001) and stroke/systemic embolism (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.37-0.53, p < 0.001). In subgroup analysis, the risk of all-cause death was reduced in most subgroups except in the elderly (≥ 75 years) and strictly anticoagulated patients. Ablation may be associated with reduced risk of all-cause death and cardiovascular death in real-world AF patients with HF, supporting the role of AF ablation in patients with HF.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dae Hoon(김대훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9736-450X
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Jang, Eunsun(장은선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6991-4765
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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