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Impact of COPD on COVID-19 prognosis: A nationwide population-based study in South Korea

 Sang Chul Lee  ;  , Kang Ju Son  ;  Chang Hoon Han  ;  Seon Cheol Park  ;  Ji Ye Jung 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 3735, 2021-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; COVID-19 / complications* ; COVID-19 / mortality ; COVID-19 / therapy ; Female ; Humans ; Intensive Care Units / statistics & numerical data ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mortality / trends ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / complications* ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / mortality ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / therapy ; Republic of Korea ; Respiration, Artificial / statistics & numerical data ; Treatment Outcome
Underlying chronic respiratory disease may be associated with the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigated the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the risk for respiratory failure and mortality in COVID-19 patients. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted in 4610 patients (≥ 40 years old) infected with COVID-19 between January 20 and May 27, 2020, using data from the Ministry of Health and Welfare and Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in Korea. The clinical course and various clinical features were compared between COPD and non-COPD patients, and the risks of respiratory failure and all-cause mortality in COPD patients were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model. Among 4610 COVID-19 patients, 4469 (96.9%) and 141 (3.1%) were categorized into the non-COPD and COPD groups, respectively. The COPD group had greater proportions of older (≥ 60 years old) (78.0% vs. 45.2%, P < 0.001) and male (52.5% vs. 36.6%, P < 0.001) patients than the non-COPD group. Relatively greater proportions of patients with COPD received intensive critical care (7.1% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.041) and mechanical ventilation (5.7% vs. 2.4%, P = 0.015). Multivariate analyses showed that COPD was not a risk factor for respiratory failure but was a significant independent risk factor for all-cause mortality (OR = 1.80, 95% CI 1.11-2.93) after adjustment for age, sex, and Charlson Comorbidity Index score. Among COVID-19 patients, relatively greater proportions of patients with COPD received mechanical ventilation and intensive critical care. COPD is an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients in Korea.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
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