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p53 expression confers sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil via distinct chromatin accessibility dynamics in human colorectal cancer

 Chul Min Yang  ;  Moo-Koo Kang  ;  Woong-Jae Jung  ;  Jung-Sik Joo  ;  Yong-Jin Kim  ;  Yeeun Choi  ;  Hyoung-Pyo Kim 
 ONCOLOGY LETTERS, Vol.21(3) : 226, 2021-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
5-fluorouracil ; apoptosis ; chromatin accessibility ; drug sensitivity ; p53
One of the most commonly used drugs in chemotherapy, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been shown to be effective in only 10-15% of patients with colon cancer. Thus, studies of the mechanisms affecting 5-FU sensitivity in these patients are necessary. The tumor suppressor protein p53 is a transcription factor that serves important roles in cell apoptosis by regulating the cell cycle. It has also been characterized as a key factor influencing drug sensitivity. Furthermore, accessible chromatin is a hallmark of active DNA regulatory elements and functions as a crucial epigenetic factor regulating cancer mechanisms. The present study assessed the genetic regulatory landscape in colon cancer by performing RNA sequencing and Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin sequencing, and investigated the effects of 5-FU on chromatin accessibility and gene expression. Notably, while treatment with 5-FU mediated global increases in chromatin accessibility, chromatin organization in several genomic regions differed depending on the expression status of p53. Since the occupancy of p53 does not overlap with accessible chromatin regions, the 5-FU-mediated changes in chromatin accessibility were not regulated by direct binding of p53. In the p53-expressing condition, the 5-FU-mediated accessible chromatin region was primarily associated with genes encoding cell death pathways. Additionally, 5-FU was revealed to induce open chromatin conformation at regions containing binding motifs for AP-1 family transcription factors, which may drive expression of apoptosis pathway genes. In conclusion, expression of p53 may confer 5-FU sensitivity by regulating chromatin accessibility of distinct genes associated with cell apoptosis in a transcription-independent manner.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyoung Pyo(김형표) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1441-8822
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