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Low-dose CBCT reconstruction via joint non-local total variation denoising and cubic B-spline interpolation

 Ho Lee  ;  Jiyoung Park  ;  Yeonho Choi  ;  Kyung Ran Park  ;  Byung Jun Min  ;  Ik Jae Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 3681, 2021-02 
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This study develops an improved Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) reconstruction algorithm using non-local total variation (NLTV) denoising and a cubic B-spline interpolation-based backprojector to enhance the image quality of low-dose cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The NLTV objective function is minimized on all log-transformed projections using steepest gradient descent optimization with an adaptive control of the step size to augment the difference between a real structure and noise. The proposed algorithm was evaluated using a phantom data set acquired from a low-dose protocol with lower milliampere-seconds (mAs).The combination of NLTV minimization and cubic B-spline interpolation rendered the enhanced reconstruction images with significantly reduced noise compared to conventional FDK and local total variation with anisotropic penalty. The artifacts were remarkably suppressed in the reconstructed images. Quantitative analysis of reconstruction images using low-dose projections acquired from low mAs showed a contrast-to-noise ratio with spatial resolution comparable to images reconstructed using projections acquired from high mAs. The proposed approach produced the lowest RMSE and the highest correlation. These results indicate that the proposed algorithm enables application of the conventional FDK algorithm for low mAs image reconstruction in low-dose CBCT imaging, thereby eliminating the need for more computationally demanding algorithms. The substantial reductions in radiation exposure associated with the low mAs projection acquisition may facilitate wider practical applications of daily online CBCT imaging.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Ik Jae(이익재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7165-3373
Lee, Ho(이호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5773-6893
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