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Time-dependent effects after enamel fluoride application on an acid etching system in orthodontic bracket bonding

Authors
 Song-Yi Yang  ;  Il Jun Jeong  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon 
Citation
 CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, Vol.25(2) : 497-505, 2021-02 
Journal Title
 CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS 
ISSN
 1432-6981 
Issue Date
2021-02
MeSH
Acid Etching, Dental ; Animals ; Cattle ; Dental Bonding* ; Dental Enamel ; Dental Stress Analysis ; Fluorides ; Materials Testing ; Orthodontic Brackets* ; Resin Cements ; Shear Strength ; Surface Properties
Keywords
Acid resistance ; Acidulated phosphate fluoride gel ; Enamel etching ; Shear bond strength ; Topical fluoride
Abstract
Objectives: This study investigated the effectiveness of acid etching and bond strength in an orthodontic bonding system in accordance with various time periods after 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel applications. Materials and methods: APF gel was applied on the enamel surface of bovine teeth, which were assigned to group F0. The tooth specimens were then immersed in distilled water for 1 (F1), 7 (F7), 14 (F14), 21 (F21) and 28 (F28) days. A group without fluoride pretreatment was a control group. All groups were etched with 35% phosphoric acid and evaluated using a surface hardness tester and scanning electron microscope (SEM). A shear bond strength (SBS) test was performed using a universal testing machine, and the bond failure modes were also examined. Results: After the 1.23% APF gel treatment, the hardness of the acid-etched enamel surface decreased as the immersion period increased. SEM images of the test groups showed etched patterns similar to control group as the immersion period increased. The SBS increased with increasing immersion period, whereas group F21 was not significantly different from the control group. Relatively high adhesive remnant index scores were identified as the ageing period increased. Conclusions: The present study indicated that in order to obtain suitable bond strength, it is recommended to use an acid etching-based bonding system for the fixation of orthodontic appliances on the enamel surface 21 days after the use of APF gel. Clinical relevance: Fluoride pre-treatment interferes with the acid etching effects on enamel, causing a reduction in the bond strength with orthodontic brackets.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00784-020-03409-y
DOI
10.1007/s00784-020-03409-y
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182149
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