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Galectin-1 accelerates high-fat diet-induced obesity by activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in mice

 Jung-Hwan Baek  ;  Da-Hyun Kim  ;  Jaegyeong Lee  ;  Seok-Jun Kim  ;  Kyung-Hee Chun 
 CELL DEATH & DISEASE, Vol.12(1) : 66, 2021-01 
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Galectin-1 contains a carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) as a member of the lectin family. Here, we investigated whether galectin-1 regulates adipogenesis and lipid accumulation. Galectin-1 mRNA is highly expressed in metabolic tissues such as the muscle and adipose tissues. Higher mRNA expression of galectin-1 was detected in white adipose tissues (WATs) of mice that were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) than in those of mice fed a normal-fat diet (NFD). Protein expression of galectin-1 also increased during adipocyte differentiation. Galectin-1 silencing inhibited the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and the expression of lipogenic factors, such as PPARγ, C/EBPα, FABP4, and FASN at both mRNA and protein levels. Lactose, an inhibitor by the binding with CRD of galectin-1 in extracellular matrix, did not affect adipocyte differentiation. Galectin-1 is localized in multiple cellular compartments in 3T3-L1 cells. However, we found that DMI (dexamethasone, methylisobutylxanthine, insulin) treatment increased its nuclear localization. Interestingly, galectin-1 interacted with PPARγ. Galectin-1 overexpression resulted in increased PPARγ expression and transcriptional activity. Furthermore, we prepared galectin-1-knockout (Lgals1-/-) mice and fed a 60% HFD. After 10 weeks, Lgals1-/- mice exhibited lower body weight and gonadal WAT (gWAT) mass than wild-type mice. Fasting glucose level was also lower in Lgals1-/-mice than that in wild-type mice. Moreover, lipogenic genes were significantly downregulated in the gWATs and liver tissues from Lgals1-/- mice. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as CCL2, CCL3, TNFα, and F4/80, as well as macrophage markers, were also drastically downregulated in the gWATs and liver tissues of Lgals1-/- mice. In addition, Lgals1-/-mice showed elevated expression of genes involved in thermogenesis in the brown adipose tissue. Collectively, galectin-1 exacerbates obesity of mice fed HFD by increment of PPARγ expression and activation. Our findings suggest that galectin-1 could be a potential therapeutic target for obesity and needed further study for clinical application.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (생화학-분자생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Baek, Jung Hwan(백정환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2250-1557
Chun, Kyung Hee(전경희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9867-7321
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