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Validating the BAVENO VI criteria to identify low risk biliary atresia patients without endoscopy for esophageal varix

Authors
 Yunkoo Kang  ;  Sowon Park  ;  Seung Kim  ;  Seok Joo Han  ;  Hong Koh 
Citation
 CLINICS AND RESEARCH IN HEPATOLOGY AND GASTROENTEROLOGY, Vol.45(1) : 101437, 2021-01 
Journal Title
 CLINICS AND RESEARCH IN HEPATOLOGY AND GASTROENTEROLOGY 
ISSN
 2210-7401 
Issue Date
2021-01
Keywords
Biliary atresia ; Endoscopy ; Esophageal varix
Abstract
Background and aims: Portoenterostomy is the initial surgical treatment for biliary atresia (BA); however, no curative therapy exists for BA. Varix bleeding is a major complication of end-stage liver disease and must be determined in patients with BA, necessitating routine surveillance using esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). We attempted to validate criteria to identify BA patients requiring EGD. Methods: From January 2007 to December 2017, we selected BA patients who underwent Kasai surgery, transient elastography (TE), and EGD at Severance hospital. In total, 190 cases were included; laboratory tests and EGDs were carried out from 3 months before TE to 3 months after TE. Results: Based on the cut-off value (<10) of the liver stiffness measurement (LSM), 35 (81.4%) patients with low-risk varix (LRV) and 8 (18.6%) with high-risk varix (HRV) were identified. Based on platelet counts (>150,000), 87 (77.68%) patients with LRV and 25 (22.32%) with HRV were identified. Based on this, the BAVENO VI criteria, which identify patients who can safely avoid screening EGD, missed 9/68 (13.24%) of HRV patients. The expanded BAVENO VI criteria missed 21/68 (30.88%) of HRV patients. However, the criteria using LSM <10 and platelet count >150,000 missed identifying only 4/68 (5.88%) HRV patients. Conclusions: The BAVENO criteria may be as useful in children with BA as in adults with liver cirrhosis. Regular laboratory tests, imaging studies, and EGD may avoid missing diagnoses of varices in BA patients. However, LSM<10 and platelet count>150,000 may provide more accurate criteria and help identify patients who does not need endoscopy.
Files in This Item:
T202100270.pdf Download
DOI
10.1016/j.clinre.2020.04.007
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koh, Hong(고홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3660-7483
Kim, Seung(김승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4373-9828
Park, So Won(박소원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2498-8004
Han, Seok Joo(한석주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5224-1437
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182039
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