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Clinical characteristics of KCNQ2 encephalopathy

 Hyo Jeong Kim  ;  Donghwa Yang  ;  Se Hee Kim  ;  Dongju Won  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Jong Rak Choi  ;  Seung-Tae Lee  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang 
 BRAIN & DEVELOPMENT, Vol.43(2) : 244-250, 2021-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
KCNQ2 encephalopathy ; Neonatal seizures ; Ohtahara syndrome ; Sodium channel blockers
Purpose: KCNQ2 mutations are associated with benign familial neonatal epilepsy (BFNE) or developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE). In this study, we aimed to delineate the phenotype of KCNQ2 encephalopathy and evaluate the treatment response. Methods: Thirteen patients of KCNQ2 encephalopathy were included in the study. Characteristics of KCNQ2 mutations, electroclinical features, clinical course, and response to the treatment were analyzed. Results: Age range of the thirteen patients was between 3 months and 20.9 years. The onset of seizures in 11 patients ranged from 1 to 3 days of age, while in the other two patients it was 7 and 40 days, respectively. Most common initial seizure types were tonic seizures. Initial EEGs were suppression burst pattern in seven patients and slow and disorganized background with multifocal epileptiform discharges in six patients. Initial epilepsy syndrome was Ohtahara syndrome in seven patients, neonatal focal seizure in five patients, and focal epilepsy beyond neonatal period in one patient. Sodium channel blockers including oxcarbazepine (OXC) (n = 3), lamotrigine (LTG) (n = 3), phenytoin (PHT) (n = 2), topiramate (TPM) (n = 2), and zonisamide (ZNS) (n = 1) were tried and found effective in eleven patients. Ultimately, 12 of 13 patients became seizure-free. However, developmental outcomes were poor. Conclusions: Sodium channel blockers are effective in seizure control in these patients with KCNQ2 encephalopathy. Early recognition of KCNQ2 encephalopathy and early use of sodium channel blockers might be helpful in seizure control.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Se Hee(김세희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7773-1942
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Won, Dongju(원동주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0084-0216
Lee, Seung-Tae(이승태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1047-1415
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
Choi, Jong Rak(최종락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-2989
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