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Long-term prognosis of short QT interval in Korean patients: a multicenter retrospective cohort study

Authors
 Dae-Young Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Min Kim  ;  In-Soo Kim  ;  Moo-Nyun Jin  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee 
Citation
 BMC CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS, Vol.21(1) : 17, 2021-01 
Journal Title
 BMC CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS 
Issue Date
2021-01
Keywords
Atrial fibrillation ; QT interval ; Short QT syndrome ; Sudden cardiac arrest ; Ventricular arrhythmia
Abstract
Background: Short QT syndrome is a rare, inherited channelopathy associated with sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) but the characteristics and prognosis of short QT interval (SQTI) in Korean patients remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of SQTI in a Korean population. Methods: Consecutive patients with SQTI from January 1999 to March 2019 in three university hospitals in South Korea were recruited. SQTI was defined as a Bazett's formula-corrected QT interval (QTc) ≤ 340 ms in serial electrocardiograms. Age- and sex-matched patients with a normal QTc and without overt cardiovascular disease were included in a 1:4 ratio. Clinical and ECG features and outcomes were compared between patients with and without SQTI. Results: 34 patients with SQTI [age, 23.5 (21-30.5) years; 31 male] were followed up for 4.8 (2.0-7.8) years. Early repolarization, tall T wave, and U wave were significantly more frequent in patients with SQTI than in those without SQTI. QT dispersion [44.0 (28.0-73.0) vs. 20.0 (12.0-35.0) ms, P < 0.001] was significantly wider and heart rate [52.0 (47.0-58.0) vs. 70.0 (62.3-84.0)/min, P < 0.001] was significantly slower in patients with SQTI than in those without. Atrial fibrillation (AF, 11.8% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.030) and ventricular arrhythmia (VA)/SCA (8.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.007) were significantly more frequent in patients with SQTI than in those without. SQTI was significantly associated with AF [odds ratio, 5.911; 95% confidence interval, 1.257-27.808; P = 0.025] and VA/SCA. Conclusions: In this subset of Korean population, SQTI was associated with AF and VA/SCA.
Files in This Item:
T202100212.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s12872-020-01824-3
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In-Soo(김인수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-5514
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182024
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