0 42

Cited 0 times in

Evolution of liver fibrosis and steatosis markers in patients with type 2 diabetes after metformin treatment for 2 years

Authors
 Lee, Hye Won  ;  Lee, Jae Seung  ;  Kim, Beom Kyung  ;  Park, Jun Yong  ;  Kim, Do Young  ;  Ahn, Sang Hoon  ;  Kim, Seung Up 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS, Vol.35(1), 2021-01 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS
ISSN
 1056-8727 
Issue Date
2021-01
Keywords
Diabetes ; Metformin ; Liver fibrosis ; Liver steatosis
Abstract
Background/aims: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) share pathophysiological mechanism. Metformin is a widely used first-line anti-diabetic drug. We investigated the evolution of liver fibrosis and steatosis during 2-year use of metformin in patients with T2DM. Methods: Between 2006 and August 2010, patients newly diagnosed with T2DM who received metformin as the first-line treatment were recruited. Fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) > 2.67 and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) > 36.0 was used to define advanced liver fibrosis and fatty liver, respectively. Results: A total of 1292 (mean age 60.8 years, 57% men and 43% women) patients were recruited. The mean FIB-4 and HSI scores were 1.38 and 27.3, respectively. At enrollment, 83 (6.4%) patients had advanced liver fibrosis and 429 (33.2%) had fatty liver. After 2 years of metformin treatment, the mean FIB-4 score increased from 1.38 to 1.51 (p < 0.001), whereas the mean HSI score decreased from 27.3 to 26.5 (p < 0.001). During follow-up, advanced liver fibrosis additionally developed in 52/1209 (4.3%) patients, whereas 48/83 (57.8%) experienced fibrosis regression. Older age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.007), lower platelet count (OR = 0.993), and lower serum albumin (OR = 0.325) were independently associated with the increased risk of advanced liver fibrosis development after 2-years of metformin treatment. Conclusion: In our cohort of patients with metformin treatment, a small proportion of patients developed liver fibrosis and steatosis after 2 years. Optimized follow-up strategy is required according to different risk of liver fibrosis progression in patients with T2DM. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1056872720305286
DOI
10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107747
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181848
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links